47. 2012 Thursday: Sadly, it’s true, Barack Obama won a second term this past Tuesday and Elizabeth Warren, well-known Native American princess- managed to unseat Republican Senator Scott Brown in the race for the U.S. Senate. We were hoping the headlines might change but nope, what is, is.



Chef Pedro Muñoz, CEC-ACF

San Diego, CA 92122-4589

Contact Me: mastermexicanCHEF30@gmail.com







U.S. Supreme Court Associate Justice Rufus W. Peckham; U.S. Attorneys-General William Wirt and Benjamin Franklin Butler; Adolf Hitler, the Atlanta Rhythm Section featuring Robert Nix, the Beatles featuring John Lennon, Bonnie Raitt, Electric Light Orchestra, and the Move featuring Roy Wood, Strawberry Alarm Clock featuring Lee Freeman, and the Turtles featuring Don Murray:

  1. 382 Monday: Emperor Theodosius declares Christianity to be the state religion of the Roman Empire.
  2. 1519 Saturday: The first meeting between Hernando Cortez and Aztec Chief Montezuma takes place in Mexico City.  Both men are wary of one another.  Montezuma believes the strange man possibly to be a god whereas the Spanish conquistador views his opposite as a means to vast wealth.  The Aztecs trust in their numbers while the Spaniards believe in cold, hard steel, gunpowder, armor, horses, and artillery.  Can a few hundred Spaniards albeit backed with native allies defeat an entire culture of millions?  We shall see.
  3. 1731 Thursday: In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Benjamin Franklin opens the first public library.
  4. 1772 Sunday: In Bladensburg, Maryland, future 9th U.S. Attorney General William Wirt is born.  A future Democratic-Republican and then an Anti-Masonic Party member, he served under Presidents James Monroe and John Quincy Adams from 11-13-1817 to 03-04-1829.
  5. 1789 Sunday: In Bourbon, Kentucky, Elijah Craig distills bourbon whisky for the first time from corn.
  6. 1793 Friday: The Louvre Museum in Paris opened to the public for the first time.
  7. 1805 Friday: The “Corps of Discovery,” led by William Clark and Meriwether Lewis, reached the Pacific Ocean.  On May 14, 1804, the team set out with the goal of exploring the Louisiana Purchase territory.
  8. 1838 Thursday: In Albany, N.Y., future 56th U.S. Supreme Court Associate Justice Rufus W. Peckham is born.  President Grover Cleveland nominated his fellow Democrat to fill the seat of another Democrat, Associate Justice Howell Jackson.  Peckham served from 12-09-1895 to 10-24-1909.
  9. 1858 Monday: The 12th U.S. Attorney General Benjamin Franklin Butler died at age 62 in Paris, France.  A Democrat, he served under Presidents Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren from 11-15-1833 to 07-04-1838.
  10. 1861 Friday: U.S. Naval officials remove Confederate officials from the British steamer Trent. 
  11. 1864 Tuesday: President Abraham Lincoln won re-election as he defeated Democratic challenger General George B. McClellan.[i]
  12. 1889 Friday:  Montana became the nation’s 41st state.
  13. 1892 Tuesday: Democrat Grover Cleveland, the nation’s 22nd president (1885-1889) wins the presidency for a second time, becoming the nation’s 24th chief executive, the ONLY man to have ever done this.
  14. 1895 Friday: While conducting experiments with electricity, Wilhelm Roentgen discovered the scientific principle involved and took the first X-ray pictures.
  15. 1904 Tuesday: President Theodore Roosevelt defeats Democrat Alton B. Parker to win reelection.
  16. 1909 Monday: The original Boston Opera House first opened with a performance of “La Giaconda” by Amilcare Ponchielli.
  17. 1923 Thursday: Adolf Hitler launched his first attempt at seizing power in Germany with a failed coup in Munich that the world would come to know as the “Beer Hall Putsch.”
  18. 1932 Tuesday: New York Governor Franklin Delano Roosevelt defeated incumbent Republican President Herbert Hoover.  Roosevelt carried 42 states to six for Hoover, winning the Electoral College by 472 to 59 and the popular vote 22,821,277 to 15,761,254.  Hoover suffered blame for the 1929 Stock Market Crash that led to the Great Depression.  At that time, presidents did not interfere in economic affairs.
  19. 1933 Wednesday: President Franklin Delano Roosevelt creates the Public Works Administration.
  20. 1939 Wednesday: A failed attempt on the life of Der Fuhrer, Adolf Hitler, takes place in Munich, Germany.
  21. 1941 Saturday: German units attempting to put a final push on reaching Moscow are cheered that the cold snap has congealed the mud enough for the panzers, halftracks, and other vehicles to begin rolling forward once more.  Many commanders wanted to dig in and prepare for the winter, but Berlin demanded one more final push.
  22. 1942 Sunday: Operation Torch, resulting in an Allied victory, began during World War II as U.S. and British forces landed in French North Africa.  Meanwhile, Vichy France severs diplomatic relations with the United States.  Finally, Adolf Hitler declares the imminent ‘fall of Stalingrad’ at a beer hall in Munich.  Speaking of that destroyed city, the last remaining reserve division remaining to the German Sixth Army- the 44th Infantry Division- enters the city for the final push on November 11.  Also, the four battalions of German combat engineers arrive on scene outside the city at the German-controlled airport at Gumrak.
  23. 1944 Wednesday: The government of Axis ally Hungary ‘loans’ 25,000 Jews to the Nazis for forced labor.  Meanwhile, Robert Nix—future drummer with the Atlanta Rhythm Section[ii] 1972-1979—is born in Blakely, Georgia, on this date.
  24. 1945 Thursday: A riverboat sinks off the coast of Hong Kong resulting in the loss of 1,550 lives.  Elsewhere, future drummer with the surf-rock band, the Turtles[iii]—Don Murray—is born in Glendale, California, on this date.
  25. 1946 Friday: Future multi-instrumentalist/vocalist with the British rock band, the Move (1965-1972) and with Electric Light Orchestra[iv] (1972-3) before forming Wizzard—Roy Wood—is born in Kitts Green, Birmingham, England, on this date.
  26. 1949 Tuesday: Future blues-rock guitarist/vocalist Bonnie Raitt, is born in Burbank, California, on this date as is future member of the seminal psychedelic rock band, Strawberry Alarm Clock[v]– Lee Freeman (rhythm guitar/vocals)- who- coincidentally- is also born in Burbank, California.
  27. 1950 Wednesday: During the Korean War, the first battle between jet airplanes took place as U.S. Air Force pilot Lt. Russell J. Brown shot down a North Korean MiG-15.
  28. 1954 Monday: The American League approved the transfer of the Philadelphia Athletics baseball team to Kansas City, Mo.
  29. 1956 Thursday: The United Nations demands that the USSR pull out of Hungary.
  30. 1960 Tuesday: Massachusetts Senator John F. Kennedy defeated Republican Vice President Richard M. Nixon for the presidency.
  31. 1966 Tuesday: Edward W. Brooke, R-Mass., became the first black candidate to be elected to the U.S. Senate by popular vote.
  32. 1967 Wednesday: In London, silver hits a record $1.951 an ounce.
  33. 1968 Friday: Cynthia Lennon wins her divorce from her husband, John, of the Beatles[vi].
  34. 1972 Wednesday: The premium cable network HBO (Home Box Office) made its debut with a showing of the movie, “Sometimes a Great Notion.”
  35. 1974 Friday: A federal judge in Cleveland dismissed charges against eight Ohio National Guardsmen accused of violating the civil rights of rioting students who were killed or wounded in the 1970 Kent State shootings.
  36. 1980 Saturday: Scientists at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, announced that the space probe Voyager-1 had discovered a 15th moon orbiting the planet Saturn.      
  37. 1983 Tuesday: Democrat W. Wilson Goode won election as the first black mayor of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  38. 1987 Sunday: In Enniskillen, Northern Ireland, at a ceremony honoring Britain’s war dead, an Irish Republican Army bomb detonated, killing 11 people outright.
  39. 1988 Tuesday: Vice President George H. W. Bush wins the presidency after beating Governor Michael Dukakis of Massachusetts.
  40. 1989 Wednesday: Democrat David Dinkins becomes the first black mayor of New York City.
  41. 1994 Tuesday: Midterm elections resulted in Republicans winning a majority in the Senate while at the same time gaining control of the House for the first time in 40 years, all because of the “Contract with America.”
  42. 2000 Wednesday: A statewide recount began in Florida, which emerged as critical in deciding the winner of the 2000 presidential election.  Earlier that day, Vice President Al Gore had telephoned Texas Governor George W. Bush to concede but called back about an hour later to retract his concession.   
  43. 2004 Monday: U.S. and Coalition forces launch a major assault on the Iraqi city of Fallujah.
  44. 2006 Wednesday: Donald Rumsfeld resigns as U.S. Secretary of Defense.
  45. 2010 Monday: Shameless Nancy Pelosi plans to run for House Minority Leader.  Why the Democrats would elect this person to anything is beyond any of us.   Meanwhile, whack job Keith Olbermann is set to return to MSNBC following his recent suspension following the discovery that he had ‘donated money to Democrat politicians,’ something the network prohibits its employees from doing.
  46. 2011 Tuesday: Syrian army troops prepare to retake the nation’s third largest city, Homs, from the ISIS scumbags holding it and its population hostage.  It is expected to be a long, bloody fight.  Meanwhile, a woman accuses GOP presidential hopeful Herman Cain of ‘inappropriate touching.’  Many believe that Governor Mitt Romney, also vying for the nomination, is the unseen hand behind these allegations.
  47. 2012 Thursday:  Sadly, it’s true, Barack Obama won a second term this past Tuesday and Elizabeth Warren, well-known Native American princess- managed to unseat Republican Senator Scott Brown in the race for the U.S. Senate.  We were hoping the headlines might change but nope, what is, is.  Likewise, Tammy Baldwin, Wisconsin, becomes the first openly gay homosexual serving in the U.S. Senate, too.  The races appeared to be decided but some questions arose about irregularities.
  48. 2013 Friday: Palestinian investigators claim their former leader, Yasser Arafat, did not die of old age or ill health; they believe Israel killed him because his exhumed body contained elevated levels of the radioactive element polonium-210.
  49. 2014 Saturday:  North Korea releases Americans Matthew Todd Miller and Kenneth Bae; Bae went to prison for two years after arrest for missionary actions, while Miller suffered detainment in April for ‘hostile acts’ after tearing up his visa and requesting asylum.   The North Koreans released them into the hands of Barack Obama’s director of national intelligence, the devious James Clapper.   Meanwhile, as tensions between the West and Russia continue to grow over the Russian rape of the Ukraine, final president of the now-defunct Soviet Union- Mikhail Gorbachev- says the ‘world is on the brink of a new Cold War.’
  50. 2015 Sunday: President Barack Obama announces to wild applause from climate change activists that he will reject the Keystone XL pipeline that would bring Canadian oil to the Gulf Coast.   As if playing on Obama’s words, the World Bank announces that climate change could drive 100 million of the world’s inhabitants into poverty.  Say it ain’t so.
  51. 2016 Tuesday: By the end of the night on Election Night, Donald Trump held a 254-215 advantage in the Electoral College casting Hillary Clinton’s presidential aspiration in doubt.   Hillary Clinton’s supporters are thrown into shock and grief as the numbers continue coming out that show their girl went down in smoldering defeat.  Add to that the fact that the GOP maintains majorities in the House and Senate which drives the Dems into a frenzy of protests.    
  52. 2017 Wednesday: Five women accuse comedian Louis C.K. of sexual assault.  He is yet another victim of #MeToo.  Meanwhile, following last week’s assault, Senator Rand Paul’s doctors upgrade his status to six fractured ribs and both lungs bruised.  His attacker pleads NOT GUILTY to charges of 4th Degree Assault. 
  53. 2018 Thursday: Tens of thousands of people fled a fast-moving wildfire in Northern California that would become the state’s deadliest ever, killing 86 people; authorities said the community of Paradise had been nearly destroyed by the flames.  Meanwhile, a federal judge in Montana nixes the Keystone XL Pipeline yet again.  Meanwhile, with the firing of Attorney-General Jeff Sessions, Democrats in the House- and their shock troops in the streets- demand protection of Robert S. Mueller’s ‘probe’ into ‘Trump-Russia Collusion,’ the now debunked scam and sham investigation.  The Dems want to protect the senile former FBI boss who put many people into prison who did not deserve to be there.  Finally, President Trump says he will end all asylum claims by illegal aliens who cross the border without going through ports of entry.  Good.  Build the wall and deport them all…        
  54. 2019 Friday: As Democrats continue snapping about his heels, President Donald J. Trump says he will ‘probably release the full transcript of his phone call with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky, most likely next Tuesday.’  Meanwhile, House Republicans send a list of witnesses they would like to testify to Adam Schiff, Jerrold Nadler, and House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, all Democrats.  They would be denied.
  55. 2020 Sunday: Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Lindsey Graham, R-SC, says that the committee will probe numerous allegations of voter fraud marring the 2020 Presidential Election.  Speaking of election fraud, the totally in-the-tank-for-the-Democrats Facebook removes the account of a pro-Trump group, Boots on the Ground to Protect the Integrity of the Election, a group with 350,000 followers- advocating to stop the theft of the presidential election.  Facebook, if Trump and the Republicans come out on top, we hope they use anti-trust actions to break you up.  NO one gave you the right to stifle free speech and Mark Zuckerberg is little more than a candy-assed pansy.    Meanwhile, voters in Georgia are getting suspicious phone calls asking if they voted and for whom- authorities believe this to be yet another scheme with which to steal the election.  Finally, the leftist dimwit Congresswoman Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, aka Baby Evita, aka AOC, birth name Sandy Cortez, blasts the failed Lincoln Project for not converting enough conservative voters to rabid Democrats.  All considered, BOTH AOC and her (terrorist) squad and the Lincoln Project are a bunch of losers.
  56. 2020 Sunday A: In Democrat-controlled battleground states like Pennsylvania, Michigan, Wisconsin, as well as Georgia, Trump supporters are in the streets demanding justice in the election.  It is one thing to lose and quite another to lose because the Democrats have stolen it.  Interesting note: Joe Biden has more votes for president in these states than did Democrat senatorial candidates so it’s clear that electoral shenanigans have been going on as the Dems were unable to steal Senate seats.  What’s more, are we to believe that in Pennsylvania that citizens of that state voted for “Pro-China Joe” Biden so their jobs in fracking, natural gas production, and every industry and job connected to fossil fuel production would vanish like they did in 2009?  We think not.
  57. 2020 Sunday B: Sadly, Jeopardy! host Alex Trebek is dead at 80 from pancreatic carcinoma.  Moving on, Marxist former Bolivian president Evo Morales is set to return home after being banished.  In the Ivory Coast, the government took to the streets to arrest members of the opposition  party for treason, corruption, and for being members of the opposition party, something that ditz b***h AOC would like to do in the United States.  Remember: there are more of us than there are of them.
  58. 2020 Sunday C: Folks, here are the numbers for the Xi Jinping Yellow Bat Flu- the -so-called Pelosi Pox the aka ‘Go to Chinatown and hug a Chinaman’ (a moronic act of virtue-signaling) disease:  Here are the statistics for the planet as a whole: 50,111,147 confirmed cases, +422,796, 1,253,707, confirmed deaths, +5,557, and 32,892,365 confirmed recoveries, +258,624.  Next, here are the stats for the United States, the intended target of the Chinese-engineered Wuhan Virus pandemic: 10,066,916 confirmed cases, up 147,063 from yesterday’s reporting, 241,186 confirmed deaths, UP 875, and 5,740,386 confirmed recoveries, UP 27,153.  Next, in the three states in which, the world-famous American Institute of Culinary Politics-the Elemental News of the Day employs chef-bloggers- California, Hawaii, and Washington- here are the stats, California first: 975,535 confirmed cases, 17,970 confirmed deaths (number readjusted DOWN from last week), and NO MENTION of confirmed recoveries.  Next here are the numbers for Hawaii: 15,939 confirmed cases, 220 confirmed deaths, and 12,083 confirmed recoveries.  Finally, here are the stats for leftist-Marxist-socialist hellhole of Washington: 121,220 confirmed cases, 2,552 confirmed deaths, and NO MENTION of confirmed recoveries.  Let’s look at one other state: New Jersey- currently, they have 256,395 confirmed cases, 16,429 confirmed deaths, but NO mention of confirmed recoveries- why don’t you report the statistics?  Let’s look at Israel’s numbers now that Mo is living there: 319,241 confirmed cases, 2,674 confirmed deaths, and 308,563 confirmed recoveries.
  59. 2020 Sunday D:  Here are the NFL scores, recap of Thursday Night Football first: (1) Green Bay Packers (5-2) @ San Francisco 49ers (4-4)  5:20 P.M.  (2) Baltimore Ravens, 24 (6-2) @ Indianapolis Colts, 10 (5-3) 10:00 A.M.  (3) New York Giants, 23 (2-7) @ Washington Redskins, 20 (2-6) 10:00 A.M.  (4) Chicago Bears, 17 (5-4) @ Tennessee Titans, 24 (6-2) 10:00 A.M.  (5) Denver Broncos, 27 (3-5) @ Atlanta Falcons, 34 (3-6) 10:00 A.M.  (6) Carolina Panthers, 31 (3-6) @ Kansas City Chiefs, 33 (8-1) 10:00 A.M.  (7) Houston Texans, 27 (2-6) @ Jacksonville Jaguars, 25 (1-7) 10:00 A.M.  (8) Detroit Lions, 20 (3-5) @ Minnesota Vikings, 34 (3-5) 10:00 A.M.  (9) Seattle Seahawks, 34 (6-2) @ Buffalo Bills, 44 (7-2) 10:00 A.M.  (10) Las Vegas Raiders, 31 (5-3) @ Los Angeles Chargers, 26 (2-6) 1:05 P.M.  (11) Miami Dolphins, 34 (5-3) @ Arizona Cardinals, 31 (5-3) 1:25 P.M.  (12) Pittsburgh Steelers, 24 (8-0) @ Dallas Cowboys, 19 (2-7) 1:25 P.M.  Sunday Night Game: (13) New Orleans Saints, 38 (6-2) @ Tampa Bay Buccaneers, 3 (6-3) 5:20 P.M.   Monday Night Football tomorrow night: (14)  New England Patriots (2-5) @ New York Jets (0-8) 5:15 P.M. Monday Night.  
  60. 2021 Monday:  One year ago today, we were watching the Democrats steal not only the presidential election but several Senate elections, as well.  What are they doing this year?  Anyhow, stick around for the results of Monday night’s Powerball Draw #908 with a pot of $151 million.   Also, the hapless Chicago Bears (3-5-0) are going into Pittsburgh to play the equally-struggling Steelers (4-3-0).  Somehow, we think the Bears are going to pull a win out of the fire tonight.


This artwork is #0643 a 20” x 24” original oil painting by Beverly Carrick, which, she entitled, “Gulls and Surf.”  It is among her more beautiful works and is available for sale.  You can see much more of her work at her website, found at beverlycarrick.com, or at the blog’s Facebook page.  At her website, you will see not only more original oil paintings but also lithographs, giclees, prints, miniatures, photographs, and even her award-winning instructional video entitled, “Painting the Southwest with Beverly Carrick.”  Beverly has been painting for more than 60 years and known around the world for both the beauty and timelessness of her artworks.  Hanging in private and public galleries and followed by many fans encircling the globe—her works instill awe because of her artistic brilliance and personal beauty.  We urge you to go to her Website NOW and view her work.  It is possible that you will find something you like and will want to buy it for yourself, a friend, a loved one, or a neighbor!  You will not be disappointed so please: do yourself a favor and go there IMMEDIATELY!  Thank you, the American Institute of Culinary Politics-Elemental News of the Day.

Beverly Carrick: The World’s Greatest Artist (1927-2012)

Pictures #0001-1495


Fairport Convention decided to reunite after a brief, record-company-imposed hiatus and on August 17, 1985, the band released “Gladys Leap.”  The core nucleus of the band featured Simon Nichol (guitars, vocals, dulcimers, and piano), Dave Pegg (bass), and Dave Mattacks (drums).  Joining the trio were Richard Thompson (electric guitars), Ric Sanders (violins), and several others to add additional flavor to the proceedings.  One tune- “Head in a Sack”- would become a fan favorite for fans of Richard Thompson.  Overall, the album is delightful, and a fine return to form by a much-beloved British folk-rock band.  We hope you will seek this album out and add it to your collections- you will be glad you did.

The above icon is the “Trademark of Quality and Symbol of Integrity/Logo” of the Magnolia Hilltop Brewers and of What’s Cookin’ Productions.    The AICP-END Blog copyrights this article © 11-08-2021, all rights reserved.  Data compiled with unreserved correctness by Moses Scharbug III.  Total Word Count: 3,176.  Chef Pedro Muñoz.

The American Institute of Culinary Politics-Elemental News of the Day

The Stinkbug symbol on CDs, DVDs, and Books means “approved by the American Institute of Culinary Politics-Elemental News of the Day” as well as adjusted or edited by the photographic editor

Original Beverly Carrick Artworks, Beverly Carrick—World Famous Artist, FINE ART, Beverly Carrick Seascapes, Electric Light Orchestra, Wizzard, Roy Wood, The Turtles, Don Murray, Bonnie Raitt, Robert Nix, The Atlanta Rhythm Section, The Beatles, John Lennon, Strawberry Alarm Clock, Lee Freeman, Adolf Hitler, President Grover Cleveland, U.S. Supreme Court Associate Justice Rufus W. Peckham, President James Monroe, President John Quincy Adams, U.S. Attorney General William Wirt, President Andrew Jackson, President Martin Van Buren, U.S. Attorney General Benjamin Franklin Butler, COVID-19 Lockdowns and Restrictions, COVID-19, Chi-Vi- the, The ‘VID, Wuhan Virus, Wuhan Virus Crisis, China Virus, China Virus Crisis, Yellow Fever 2019-2021, Communist China Condition, Kung Flu- the, Wuhan Waltz- the, BIG C-19- The, COVID-19 Mandates, Xi Jinping Never-Ending Pandemic, NFL 2020 Regular Season Games, Sunday 10:00 A.M. 2020 NFL Matchups, Sunday 1:25 P.M. 2020 NFL Matchups, NFL Sunday Night Football 2020 Matchups, NFL Monday Night Football 2021 Matchups, 1864 Presidential Election, 1892 Presidential Election, 1988 Presidential Election, 2012 Presidential Election, 2016 Presidential Election, Fairport Convention, Chef Pedro Muñoz,



Sunday, November 08, 2020, Today in History Blog Post:

Such gratitude! Where are all the Republicans? Why are they not fighting on behalf of President Trump for a fair election instead of either remaining mum or wringing their hands in dismay?

Sunday, November 08, 2020, Today in History:


Monday, November 08, 2021:


[i] General McClellan, aka “Little Mac” to his troops was among the numerous federal generals that President Lincoln had to terminate because they were horrible commanders.  “Little Mac” put the lives of his troops above everything which is why they so revered him but when it came to showing fighting spunk, he failed to attack time and again which might have ended the war far sooner.

[ii] The Atlanta Rhythm Section is another awesome American band, one we sure as heck hope to promote when and if we return to doing music again.

[iii] We began promoting the music of the famed California surf-rock band, the Turtles, beginning on Tuesday, 03-September-2013 through Friday, 13-September-2013.

[iv] We began promoting the music of the Move- and of Electric Light Orchestra, Wizzard, Roy Wood, and Jeff Lynne- beginning on Wednesday, August 12, 2020, until Thursday, November 05, 2020.

[v] We began promoting the music of this famed psychedelic band- Strawberry Alarm Clock- beginning on Tuesday, 03-April-2012 through Saturday, 08-April-2012. Please check them out- you will enjoy them.

[vi] We began promoting the music of both the Beatles and the band’s individual components on Friday, 04-November-2016 through Sunday, 11-June-2018.  Besides the Beatles, we also promoted the music of John Lennon, Paul McCartney, Ringo Starr, and George Harrison as well as the Traveling Wilburys.

[vi] We hope to present the music of KISS sometime in the late 2020s. 



Author: Executive Chef Pedro Muñoz, CEC-ACF

I began my culinary career in the 1950's and had the good fortune of working with many different chefs before meeting my good friend, Stinkbug, in the mid 1980's in Bakersfield. I am still working part-time in my semi-retired years in my hometown in San Diego, CA. Member of the CA063 San Diego Chefs de Cuisine Chapter Chef Pedro is now an Independent. Chef Pedro writes from San Diego, CA Contact Chef Pedro at the following email address: Pedrothechef2010q@yahoo.com

One thought on “312. TODAY IN HISTORY—MONDAY, NOVEMBER 08, 2021”

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