87. TODAY IN HISTORY—SUNDAY, MARCH 28, 2021

29. 1939 Tuesday: The Spanish Civil War effectively ended as Madrid fell to the forces of Francisco Franco. Under siege for more than two years, the communist Republicans had managed to defend the nation’s capital from the Falangists, aka Fascist, aka Nationalist Spaniards. The Nationalists began rounding up their communist opponents, executing many of them where they stood (the only good communist is a dead communist) while sparing others to begin repairing the damage they caused to both Madrid and to the rest of their nation. A few survivors managed to flee through enemy lines and seek refuge in the mountains.

TODAY IN HISTORY

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SPRING SESSION 2021

BLOG POST #3,834 AT THE AICP-END

DAYS UNTIL ELECTION DAY 2022: 590

87. TODAY IN HISTORY—SUNDAY, MARCH 28, 2021:

DAY SIXTY-EIGHT OF THE BIDEN ADMINISTRATION

Palm Sunday / First Day of Passover

President Dwight D. Eisenhower; U.S. Supreme Court Roger B. Taney; U.S. Supreme Court Associate Justice David Josiah Brewer; U.S. Secretaries of Defense James Forrestal, Louis A. Johnson, Caspar Weinberger; U.S. Secretaries of State Martin Van Buren, Christian Herter, Frank B. Kellogg, Henry L. Stimson, and Edmund Muskie; Jethro Tull featuring John Evan, and Pablo Cruise featuring Bud Cockrell:

  1. 845 Tuesday: Viking raiders sack the city of Paris, probably under Ragnar Lodbrok, who collected a huge ransom in exchange for leaving.
  2. 1738 Friday: English parliament declares war on Spain (War of Jenkin’s Ear).
  3. 1796 Monday: Bethel African Methodist Church of Philadelphia is 1st U.S.-African church.
  4. 1797 Tuesday: Nathaniel Briggs of New Hampshire patents a washing machine.
  5. 1799 Thursday: New York State abolished slavery.
  6. 1804 Wednesday: Ohio passed law that restricted movement of blacks within its borders.   
  7. 1829 Saturday: The 10th U.S. Secretary of State Martin Van Buren assumed office on this date.  A Democrat, he served under President Andrew Jackson 03-28-1829 to 05-23-1831.  He later became the president of the United States.
  8. 1834 Friday: The U.S. Senate voted to censure President Andrew Jackson for the removal of federal deposits from the Bank of the United States.
  9. 1836 Monday: The 24th overall U.S. Supreme Court justice and 5th Chief Justice Roger B. Taney assumed his office on this date.  A Federalist and then a Democrat, President Andrew Jackson nominated Taney to fill the seat of Chief Justice John Marshall.  Taney served from today until October 12, 1864.
  10. 1845 Friday: Mexico drops diplomatic relations with the U.S.
  11. 1854 Tuesday: During the Crimean War, Britain and France declared war on Russia to rescue the so-called, “Sick Man of Europe” the Ottoman Empire, from its opponent, Russia, to keep the balance of power in the region intact.
  12. 1865 Tuesday: New York enacted outdoor advertising legislation, which banned painting on stones, rocks, and trees. 
  13. 1881 Monday: PT Barnum and James A. Bailey formed “The Greatest Show on Earth.”
  14. 1885 Saturday: The U.S. Salvation Army officially organizes on this date.
  15. 1895 Thursday: In Paris, France, future 53rd U.S. Secretary of State Christian Herter is born.  He would serve under fellow Republican, President Dwight D. Eisenhower from 04-22-1959 to 01-20-1961.
  16. 1898 Monday: The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS), in United States v. Wong Kim Ark, ruled that a child born in the United States to Chinese immigrants was a citizen of the United States.
  17. 1908 Saturday: Automobile owners lobbied the U.S. Congress, supporting a bill that called for vehicle licensing and federal registration.
  18. 1910 Monday: In Washington, D.C., the 51st U.S. Supreme Court Associate Justice David Josiah Brewer died.  President Benjamin Harrison nominated his fellow Republican to fill Associate Justice Stanley Matthews seat, a fellow Republican.  He served from 12-18-1889 to 03-28-1910.  Meanwhile, the first seaplane took off from water in Martinique, France.  The pilot was Henri Fabre.
  19. 1914 Saturday: In Rumford, Maine, future 58th U.S. Secretary of State Edmund Muskie is born.  A Democrat, he served under President Jimmy Carter from 05-08-1980 to 01-20-1981.
  20. 1917 Wednesday: The Ottoman Turks expel Jews from Tel Aviv and Jaffa in occupied Palestine.  Elsewhere, during World War I, the federal government formed the Women’s Auxiliary Corps, aka WAAC.
  21. 1920 Sunday: The Palm Sunday tornado outbreak affects the Great Lakes region as well as the states of the Deep South.
  22. 1921 Monday: President Warren Harding named William Howard Taft as chief justice of the United States Supreme Court.
  23. 1922 Tuesday: The first microfilm device undergoes introduction to the public.
  24. 1924 Friday: Radio station WGN-AM in Chicago begins radio transmitting on this date.
  25. 1929 Thursday: The 45th U.S. Secretary of State Frank B. Kellogg stepped down from office on this date.  A Republican, he served under President Calvin Coolidge / served from 03-05-1925 to 03-28-1929.  His successor, the 46th U.S. Secretary of State Henry L. Stimson assumed the office on this date.  A Republican, he served under President Herbert Hoover from today until March 04, 1933.
  26. 1930 Friday: The names of the Turkish cities of Constantinople and Angora were changed to Istanbul and Ankara.
  27. 1933 Tuesday: German Reichstag confers dictatorial powers on Adolf Hitler.  The Nazis then banned Jewish businesses, professions, and schools.
  28. 1935 Thursday: The notorious Nazi propaganda film “Triumph of the Will” premiered in Berlin.  Elsewhere, American scientist and engineer Robert Goddard uses gyroscopes to control a rocket.
  29. 1939 Tuesday: The Spanish Civil War effectively ended as Madrid fell to the forces of Francisco Franco.  Under siege for more than two years, the communist Republicans had managed to defend the nation’s capital from the Falangists, aka Fascist, aka Nationalist Spaniards.  The Nationalists began rounding up their communist opponents, executing many of them where they stood (the only good communist is a dead communist) while sparing others to begin repairing the damage they caused to both Madrid and to the rest of their nation.  A few survivors managed to flee through enemy lines and seek refuge in the mountains.
  30. 1940 Thursday:  In Paris, representatives of the French and British governments agree that neither nation will sign a separate peace with the Nazis.  They must stand strong together following declaring war on the Germans following their invasion of a peaceful Poland on September 1, 1939. 
  31. 1941 Friday: Fighting in Italian-controlled East Africa is coming to an end as British and Indian forces storm their way into Kerren, the key town to conquering Eritrea.  The town was held by the elite Savoia Grenadiers who gave as good as they got.  However, lacking the heavy arms of their British foes as well as the numbers and beleaguered with a civilian population who no longer had a stomach for the fight, they were overpowered and forced to surrender thus effectively ending Fascist control of the area. Elsewhere, novelist and critic Virginia Woolf, 59, drowned herself in England.  
  32. 1942 Saturday: British naval forces raid Nazi occupied French port of St. Nazaire.  Although they manage to damage large amounts of Axis equipment and infrastructure, the raiders suffer severe losses and soon return back across the English Channel to Britain.
  33. 1943 Sunday: No matter what the Brits throw at the remnants of the once-powerful Afrika Korps, Generaloberst Hans-Jürgen von Arnim, commander of the force since Field Marshal Erwin Rommel was recalled home due to illness, continues extricating his troops from one trap after another as he continues the struggle in Tunisia. 
  34. 1944 Tuesday: On the Eastern Front, German and Romanian troops that have been bottled up in Odessa in the Ukraine are preparing their own evacuation by sea across the Black Sea towards Romania and freedom.  The Red Army continues shelling the city making the escape problematic but still, drowning is preferable to becoming a POW in the Soviet Union.    Meanwhile, the Soviets capture the Nikolayev which the year before had been the scene of a major battle between escaping Italian 8th Army, Romanian, and German survivors of the Battle of Stalingrad.   
  35. 1945 Wednesday: Germany launched the last of the V-2 rockets against England.   On the Western Front, U.S. British, French,  and Polish forces continue the inexorable drive towards Berlin and ultimate victory while the Soviets continue plowing through Eastern Europe, crushing resistance wherever they come across it.   In the China-Burma-India Theater, Imperial Japanese forces are losing the fight for Burma and are having to hightail it towards the east.
  36. 1946 Thursday: The U.S. Department of State releases the Acheson-Lilienthal Report, outlining a plan for the international control of nuclear power.
  37. 1948 Sunday: John Evan—keyboardist with the British band, Jethro Tull[i] 1970-1980—was born in Blackpool, Lancashire, England on this date.
  38. 1949 Monday: The 1st U.S. Secretary of Defense James Forrestal left office on this date.  A Democrat, he served under President Harry S. Truman from 09-17-1947.  His successor, Louis A. Johnson assumed the office on this date.  A fellow Democrat, he served under President Harry S. Truman from today until 09-19-1950.
  39. 1950 Tuesday: Future bassist/vocalist with It’s a Beautiful Day[ii] and Pablo Cruise[iii]—Bud Cockrell—is born on this date in Greenville, Mississippi.
  40. 1954 Sunday: At the Battle of Dien Bien Phu, French paratroopers and Foreign Legionnaires took the fight to the enemy.  Following an intensive, rolling barrage, forces under the command of Major Marcel Bigeard moved out into the scrublands and with the aid of several tanks, destroyed numerous People’s Army antiaircraft and other artillery pieces and killed perhaps more than 350-400 enemy soldiers.  This was a morale-boosting battle and the French felt much better than they had in two weeks.[iv]
  41. 1960 Monday: Pope John raises the first Japanese, African, and Filipino cardinals.
  42. 1962 Wednesday: The Air Force announced research into the use of lasers to intercept missiles and satellites.
  43. 1963 Thursday: The Alfred Hitchcock film, “The Birds” premiered in New York City.
  44. 1967 Tuesday: U.N. Secretary General U Thant makes public proposals for peace in Vietnam.
  45. 1969 Friday: The 34th President of the United States, Dwight D. Eisenhower, died in Washington, D.C., at age 78.  A Republican, he served 01-20-1953-01-20-1961.
  46. 1973 Wednesday: U.S. troops leave Vietnam, 9 years after Tonkin Resolution.
  47. 1978 Tuesday: In Stump v. Sparkman, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld, 5-3, the judicial immunity of an Indiana judge against a lawsuit brought by a young woman who’d been ordered sterilized by the judge when she was a teenager.
  48. 1979 Wednesday: America’s worst commercial nuclear accident occurred inside the Unit 2 reactor at the Three Mile Island plant near Middletown, Pennsylvania.
  49. 1986 Friday: More than 6,000 radio stations of all format varieties played “We are the World” simultaneously at 10:15 a.m. EST.
  50. 1990 Wednesday: Michael Jordan scores 69 points, 4th time he scores 60 points in a game.  Meanwhile, President George H. W. Bush awards Jesse Owens the Congressional Gold Medal.
  51. 1991 Thursday: Mike Tyson admits paternity to Kimberly Scarborough’s son.
  52. 1994 Monday: Italy’s right-wing alliance under Silvio Berlusconi wins election.
  53. 1995 Tuesday: The world’s largest bank, Japan’s Mitsubishi Bank and Bank of Tokyo merges.
  54. 2003 Friday: New research on the Shroud of Turin supports that it may been used as Jesus Christ’s burial cloth; researchers used mechanical and thermal measurements to date the shroud between 300 BC and 400 AD.
  55. 2005 Monday: A magnitude-8.78 earthquake hits the Indonesia island of Sumatra; it is the second strongest earthquake since 1960.
  56. 2006 Tuesday: The 15th U.S. Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger died in Bangor, Maine, at age 88 on this date.  A Republican, he served under President Ronald Reagan from 01-21-1981 to 11-23-1987.
  57. 2010 Sunday: The BBC finds evidence of a massacre in the Democratic Republic of the Congo carried out by the Lord’s Resistance Army last December, in which 321 people, including children, were killed.
  58. 2011 Monday: The International Atomic Energy Agency calls for a summit to discuss concerns about nuclear safety following radiation leaks at the Fukushima nuclear power plant.
  59. 2012 Wednesday: The Mega Millions jackpot in the U.S. reaches a world record in lottery history – $500 million dollars.
  60. 2013 Thursday: Attracting NATO criticism, Russia conducts unscheduled military exercises in the Black Sea.  Elsewhere, former South African President Nelson Mandela finds himself in the hospital with a lung problem.  God bless you, President Mandela. 
  61. 2014 Friday: Third baseman Miguel Cabrera signs a 10-year contract with the Detroit Tigers for $292 million, exceeding the 10-year contract signed by Alex Rodriguez of the New York Yankees in 2007 for $275 million.  Elsewhere, Russia increases the price of gas to the Ukraine by 80 percent.  Finally, two cases of Ebola are reported in Liberia among people who have traveled to Guinea.
  62. 2015 Saturday: According to Brainy History, officials find that Andreas Lubitz, co-pilot of downed Germanwings Flight 4U 9525, had mental and physical health problems that he hid from the airline; a doctor’s note was found excusing him from work on the day that he crashed the plane.  Meanwhile, the Saudi Coalition announces that it now has full control of Yemeni airspace while ground fighting continues around the port of Aden.  The Saudis are trying to drive the Iranian-backed Houthi rebels out of their positions and to reassert Yemeni Sunni control of government.
  63. 2016 Monday: Belgian prosecutors release one Muslim guy they scooped up in their search for the jihadists that capsized their country and caused widespread fear throughout Western Europe because the evidence upon which, they arrested him did not support the crimes with which they were trying to charge him.  We hope they kept eyes on him anyway…elsewhere, the Japanese military continues building up its forces and intelligence-gathering apparatuses near the disputed Senkaku Islands, the ones the Chinese covet. 
  64. 2017 Tuesday: President Donald J. Trump proposed immediate budget cuts of $18 billion from programs such as medical research, infrastructure, and community grants so the American taxpayers—and NOT Mexico—could cover the down payment for the border wall.  Elsewhere, Wells Fargo Bank said it would pay $110 million to settle a class-action lawsuit over as many as 2 million accounts its employees opened for customers without getting their permission.
  65. 2018 Wednesday: Arriving for his first trip outside North Korea, Kim Jong Un arrives in Beijing via his armored train to meet with Chinese leader Xi Jinping.  Meanwhile, following an out-of-control prison riot that led to a major fire in the Carabobo state police headquarters in Valencia, Venezuela, the authorities claim 68 deaths and countless others injured and maimed.
  66. 2019 Thursday: After 100-plus migrants seized control of a merchantmen plying the waters off the coast of Libya- and which then took control of the vessel and ordered its captain and crew to take them to Malta- the Maltese navy arrived on scene, stormed the vessel, freed its crew, and took the pirates into custody.  The ship then went onto Malta where it docked and the scumbag refugees were trotted off to holding cells.  We guess a prison on Malta beats living in Libya without Moammar Gaddafi in charge.  
  67. 2020 Saturday: The Wuhan Virus continues plaguing the world what with confirmed global cases hitting 664,924 with a total of 30,848 deaths and 140,222 recoveries.  Meanwhile, in the United States there are a total of 124,665 confirmed cases with 2,026 deaths and approximately 1,072 recoveries (although the recovery number seems a bit low).  Meanwhile, in Communist China, the authorities have re-opened parts of the epicenter of the virus- Wuhan- after two months of intense isolation including the nailing in of the afflicted into their apartments.
  68. 2021 Sunday: Stick around for the latest news, AICPENDBLOG.COM-style.

BEVERLY CARRICK ORIGINAL ARTWORK OF THE DAY:

This artwork is #0417 a 30” x 40” original oil painting by Beverly Carrick, which, she entitled, “Promenade.”  It is among her more beautiful works and is available for sale.  You can see much more of her work at her Website, found at beverlycarrick.com, or at the blog’s Facebook page.  At her Website, you will see not only more original oil paintings but also lithographs, giclees, prints, miniatures, photographs, and even her award-winning instructional video entitled, “Painting the Southwest with Beverly Carrick.”  Beverly has been painting for more than 60 years and known around the world for both the beauty and timelessness of her artworks.  Hanging in private and public galleries and followed by many fans encircling the globe—her works instill awe because of her artistic brilliance and personal beauty.  We urge you to go to her Website NOW and view her work.  It is possible that you will find something you like and will want to buy it for yourself, a friend, a loved one, or a neighbor!  You will not be disappointed so please: do yourself a favor and go there IMMEDIATELY!  Thank you, the American Institute of Culinary Politics-Elemental News of the Day!

Beverly Carrick: The World’s Greatest Artist (1927-2012)

Pictures #0001-1495

ALBUM OF THE DAY AT THE AICPENDBLOG.COM:

Waysted released a live album, “Organized Chaos,” on July 23, 2007.  Whoever joins this veteran rocker makes Mr. Way that much better and this album smokes from start to finish.  The band features great Pete Way on bass and vocals, Finn Moore on vocals, Chris George (guitars), and Scott Phillips on the drums.  All the favorite tunes of fans across the globe are on this album and we hope you will check it out wherever you shop for the best in music because the setting is an intimate one that allows fans to get up close and personal with the band.  Please, seek it out and add it to your collection- you will be glad you did.

The above icon is the “Trademark of Quality and Symbol of Integrity/Logo” of the Magnolia Hilltop Brewers and of What’s Cookin’ Productions.    The AICP-END Blog copyrights this article © 03-28-2021, all rights reserved.  Total Word Count: 2,655.

The American Institute of Culinary Politics-Elemental News of the Day

The Stinkbug symbol on CDs, DVDs, and Books means “approved by the American Institute of Culinary Politics-Elemental News of the Day” as well as adjusted or edited by the photographic editor.

Original Beverly Carrick Artworks, Beverly Carrick—World Famous Artist, President Dwight D. Eisenhower, John Evan, Jethro Tull, It’s a Beautiful Day, Pablo Cruise, Bud Cockrell, U.S. Supreme Court Associate Justice David Josiah Brewer, U.S. Secretary of State Christian Herter, U.S. Secretary of State Edmund Muskie, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Mike Tyson, Shroud of Turin, Jesus Christ, Kim Jong Un, Xi Jinping, Stump v. Sparkman 1978, United States v. Wong Kim Ark 1898, Alfred Hitchcock, “The Birds”, U.S. Secretary of State Martin Van Buren, U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice Roger B. Taney, U.S. Secretary of State Frank B. Kellogg, U.S. Secretary of State Henry L. Stimson, U.S. Secretary of Defense James Forrestal, U.S. Secretary of Defense Louis A. Johnson, U.S. Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger, Italian East Africa Campaign World War II,  Waysted, Itzi Nakamura,

TODAY IN HISTORY, SUNDAY MARCH 28, 2021

PLEASE READ OUR MAIN BLOG POST, PUBLISHED AT 12:01 A.M.

Sunday, March 28, 2021:

ENDNOTES:


[i] We expect to do the music of Jethro Tull, Wild Turkey, Ian Anderson, and Paris sometime in the next 5-6 years.  We hope you will still be with us.

[ii] When we promoted the music of It’s a Beautiful Day beginning on Thursday, 25-August-2011 through Monday, 29-August-2011 and a second round on Tuesday, 04-February-2014 through Wednesday, 05-February-2014, we should have promoted the music of Pablo Cruise, too, due to their being interconnected.  We certainly will one day.  Ah, well, please seek IABD out and consider adding them to your collection.

[iii] When we promoted the music of It’s a Beautiful Day beginning on Thursday, 25-August-2011 through Monday, 29-August-2011 and a second round on Tuesday, 04-February-2014 through Wednesday, 05-February-2014, we should have promoted the music of Pablo Cruise, too, due to their being interconnected.  We certainly will one day.  Ah, well, please seek IABD out and consider adding them to your collection.

[iv] Our main reference for the epic battle at Dien Bien Phu is “The Last Valley” by Martin Windrow, 2004, Da Capo Press.  Please seek this amazing historical work out for a concise look at the battle that ended French control of French Indochina and the birth of Vietnam.

ekh0001.2e-stinkbug-5-02-12-2021-400

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WE THANK EVERYONE FOR JOINING US AT WORDPRESS.COM AND FOR AIDING US IN CONTINUING TO DO THE WORK WE TOOK UPON OURSELVES MORE THAN A DECADE AGO.

Author: Executive Chef Itzi Nakamura, ACF

I must say I am amazed that the AICP-END Blog would send up-and-coming Bakersfield, California, street artist, the amazing Simone to Maui to do some photographic portraits of me. We have moved in this direction since politics have turned millions of people against one another and it is important for us as employers and as private people with families to protect, that we begin covering our actual identities from those seeking to cause us problems. I must say, Simone has done a fine job and this is a caricature of me that meets with my approval. My husband and I live and own a restaurant in Kihei, Hawaii, and have also worked in institutional cooking at Maui’s premier hospital up in Wailuku. Chef Itzi Nakamura writes from Kihei, HI. Chef Itzi Nakamura is a proud member of the Democratic Party. Contact Itzi Nakamura @ mauiprincess2014end@yahoo.com

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