TODAY IN HISTORY
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TODAY IN HISTORY—APRIL 20, 2020:
Adolf Hitler; Vice President George Clinton; SCOTUS Associate Justice John Paul Stevens; U.S. Senator Pat Roberts; Apollo 16; Grand Funk Railroad featuring Craig Frost, Humble Pie featuring Steve Marriott, and Prince:
- 295: The eighth recorded perihelion passage of Haley’s Comet takes place on this date in time.
- 1775: During the Revolutionary War, the British commence the siege of Boston.
- 1777: New York adopts a constitution as an independent state.
- 1799: Napoleon Bonaparte calls for Jerusalem to become the seat of government for a Jewish state.
- 1809: Napoleon Bonaparte—at the Battle of Ebensburg—defeats the Austrian army.
- 1812: The fourth vice president of the United States (1805-12), Democratic-Republican George Clinton—passed away in office on this date.
- 1832: Through an act of Congress, the government founded Hot Springs National Park, the first national park in the United States.
- 1836: The U.S. Congress voted to establish the Wisconsin Territory on this date.
- 1837: Erastus B. Bigelow received a patent for his power loom.
- 1841: In Philadelphia, Edgar Allen Poe’s first detective story, “The Murder in the Rue Morgue,” appeared in Graham’s Magazine.
- 1853: Harriet Tubman, the former slave, begins the Underground Railway—, which ferries Southern slaves north to freedom—commences on this date in history.
- 1861: Colonel Robert E. Lee resigned his commission in the United States Army. He then went on to command the Army of Northern Virginia and eventually became general-in-chief of all Confederate armed forces.
- 1863: President Abraham Lincoln signed a proclamation admitting West Virginia to the Union, effective in 60 days: June 20, 1863.
- 1865: The first ads for safety matches appeared on this date.
- 1879: Some unknown genius used the first horse drawn ‘mobile home’ as he left London for Cyprus.
- 1889: Adolf Hitler, future leader of Germany and the Nazis was born in Braunau Inn, Austria.
- 1898: The United States moved closer to war with Spain as President William McKinley signed a congressional resolution passed the day before recognizing Cuban independence and authorizing the U.S. military intervention to achieve that goal.
- 1902: Scientists Marie and Pierre Curie isolated the radioactive element radium.
- 1910: The 29th recorded perihelion passage of Haley’s Comet is recorded; it passes the Earth at 87.9 million kilometers.
- 1912: Boston’s Fenway Park hosted its first professional baseball game while Navin Field (Tiger Stadium) opened in Detroit. The Red Sox defeated the New York Highlanders 7-6 in 11 innings; the Tigers beat the Cleveland Naps 6-5 in 11 innings.
- 1914: The Ludlow Massacre took place when the Colorado National Guard opened fire on a tent colony of striking miners; about 20 (accounts vary) strikers, women and children died.
- 1915: Armenians seize the Turkish town of Van, which they held until the Russians relieved them on May 19; however, thousands of Armenians lost their lives during the World War I battle.
- 1916: Chicago’s Wrigley Field held its first Cubs game with the first National League game at the ballpark and in so doing, the Cubbies beat the Cincinnati Reds by a final score of 7-6 in 11 innings.
- 1918: Manfred von Richtofen, aka the Red Baron, shot down his 79th and 80th victims, his final victories before his death on the following day.
- 1919: The Polish army captures Vilna, Lithuania, from the Red Army.
- 1920: Future 101st Associate Justice of the Supreme Court- John Paul Stevens- was born in Chicago, Illinois, on this date. President Gerald R. Ford appointed him and he served on the high court from 12-19-1975 until he retired from it on June 29, 2010. Elsewhere, the Balfour Declaration was recognized, which recognized Palestine as a British mandate.
- 1934: Heinrich Himmler becomes head of the secret Prussian State Police.
- 1936: In Topeka, Kansas, future Republican Senator Pat Roberts is born.
- 1940: RCA demonstrated the world’s first electron microscope on this date.
- 1941: In support of their Axis allies, Italy, 100 Luftwaffe bombers attack Athens, Greece.
- 1942: During World War II, German paratroopers launch a major assault on the British-held island of Malta in the Mediterranean Sea.
- 1945: During World War II, allied forces took control of the German cities of Nuremberg and Stuttgart. Meanwhile, on the Eastern Front, Soviet artillery began blasting the German capital of Berlin.
- 1948: Craig Frost—future keyboard player with Grand Funk Railroad[i], 1972-1977, is born in Flint, Michigan, on this date. Meanwhile, United Auto Workers President Walter P. Reuther was shot and seriously wounded at his home in Detroit.
- 1961: The FCC approved FM stereo broadcasting on this date.
- 1962: The New Orleans Citizen’s Council offered a free one-way ride for blacks to move to the northern states.
- 1965: The People’s Republic of China offers military aid to North Vietnam in its fight against the United States and its South Vietnamese allies.
- 1968: Pierre Elliot Trudeau was sworn in as prime minister of Canada.
- 1971: The U.S. Supreme Court upheld the use of busing to achieve racial desegregation in schools on this date. Elsewhere, National Public Radio made its debut with live coverage of a U.S. Senate hearing on the Vietnam War.
- 1972: The manned lunar module from Apollo 16 landed on the moon. Astronauts John W. Young and Charles M. Duke Jr., stepped out onto the lunar surface.
- 1977: The Supreme Court, in Wooley v. Maynard, ruled 6-3 that car owners could refuse to display state mottoes on license plates, such as New Hampshire’s “Live Free or Die.”
- 1978: A Korean Air Lines Boeing 707 crash-landed in northwestern Russia after being fired on by a Soviet interceptor after entering Soviet airspace. Two passengers were killed.
- 1983: President Ronald Reagan signed a $165 billion bailout for the Social Security program, a program that politicians from both parties robbed of finances.
- 1984: Britain announced that its administration of Hong Kong would cease in 1997.
- 1988: Gunmen who had hijacked a Kuwaiti Airways jumbo jet were allowed safe passage out of Algeria under an agreement that freed the remaining 31 hostages and ended a 15-day siege in which two passengers were slain. Elsewhere, the U.S. Air Forces’ Stealth (B-2 bomber) had its official unveiling on this date.
- 1991: Steve Marriott, founding member of the Small Faces[ii] and Humble Pie[iii] died in a fire at his home.
- 1992: An All-Star rocker memorial service for the late Freddie Mercury of Queen[iv] takes place at Wembley Arena, United Kingdom.
- 1993: Mexican comedian Cantiflas (Mario Moreno) died in Mexico City at age 81.
- 1996: In the NBA, the Chicago Bulls win a record 72 games in a single season.
- 1998: A Federal court rules that Monica Lewinsky does not have immunity from Ken Starr’s investigation into the Clinton Administration.
- 1999: The Columbine High School Massacre took place in Colorado as two students; Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold shot and killed 12 classmates and one teacher before taking their own lives.
- 2003: U.S. Army forces took control of Baghdad from the Marines in a changing of the guard ceremony that thinned the military presence in Iraq’s capital.
- 2010: An explosion on the Deepwater Horizon oil platform, leased by BP, killed 11 workers and began spewing an estimated 200 million gallons of crude into the Gulf of Mexico for nearly three months.
- 2012: Tens of thousands of people demonstrate in Tahrir Square in downtown Cairo demanding that Hosni Mubarak step down as the nation’s longest president and restore democracy to the Egyptian people.
- 2014: Pope Francis gives Easter Mass in St. Peter’s square; his message included prayer for peace in Syria and Ukraine, a halt to Boko Haram attacks against Nigerian Christians, and for all to care for the hungry and the needy.
- 2015: According to Brainy History, the Cairo Criminal Court convicts Egyptian ex-President Mohammed Morsi for his role in illegal detentions and violent responses to protests him three years ago; he and other Muslim Brotherhood defendants will serve a 20-year prison term.
- 2016: The great rocker, Prince[v], died at age 57 due to flu-like symptoms but which, turned out to be a drug overdose on this date.
- 2017: In Paris, a police van transporting criminals along the Champs Elysees suffers an attack by jihadists killing police officer and injuring two others.
- 2018: A federal court in Mexico declares sale of the controversial Barbie doll depicting artist, Frida Kahlo, cannot occur. Not sure as to what the reasoning behind this is but folks, it is what it is.
- 2020: The world continues suffering under the Chinese Wuhan Virus Crisis that is spreading around the world. Today, we have 2,458,150 confirmed cases of the disease what with 168,906 confirmed deaths and 643,918 confirmed recoveries. The Chinese claim 88,423 confirmed cases with 4,632 confirmed deaths and 81,785 confirmed recoveries. Meanwhile, the United States sees 789,439 confirmed cases what with 42,186 confirmed deaths, and 71,675 confirmed recoveries as of mid-day. It is interesting to note that China’s figures change little from day to day which suggests they are either lying to the rest of the world or possess the cure which says a lot about communist governments.
BEVERLY CARRICK ORIGINAL ARTWORK OF THE DAY:
This artwork is #0075 a 24” x 48” original oil painting by Beverly Carrick, which, she entitled, “Summer Rains.” It is among her more beautiful works and is available for sale. You can see much more of her work at her Website, found at beverlycarrick.com, or at the blog’s Facebook page. At her Website, you will see not only more original oil paintings but also lithographs, giclees, prints, miniatures, photographs, and even her award-winning instructional video entitled, “Painting the Southwest with Beverly Carrick.” Beverly has been painting for more than 60 years and known around the world for both the beauty and timelessness of her artworks. Hanging in private and public galleries and followed by many fans encircling the globe—her works instill awe because of her artistic brilliance and personal beauty. We urge you to go to her Website NOW and view her work. It is possible that you will find something you like and will want to buy it for yourself, a friend, a loved one, or a neighbor! You will not be disappointed so please: do yourself a favor and go there IMMEDIATELY! Thank you, the American Institute of Culinary Politics-Elemental News of the Day!
Beverly Carrick: The World’s Greatest Artist (1927-2012)
ALBUM OF THE DAY AT THE AICPENDBLOG.COM:
Pink Floyd is perhaps one of the greatest bands to come out of Great Britain in the 1960s and although disbanded now, their legacy- like that of the Beatles- will last forever. The first album by this distinguished band, “The Piper at the Gates of Dawn,” came out on August 04, 1967. The band consisted of leader Sy Barrett (lead vocals/lead guitar), Roger Waters (bass/vocals), Nicky Mason (drums and percussion), and Rick Wright (keyboards/vocals). Although Barrett would not remain with the band for long due to the LSD trashing his mind, his musical quirks and peculiarities combined with psychedelic and eclectic lyricism made this a must-own album. We hope everyone will use whatever musical service they do and seek this one out. You will enjoy it.
The above icon is the “Trademark of Quality and Symbol of Integrity/Logo” of the Magnolia Hilltop Brewers and of What’s Cookin’ Productions. The AICP-END Blog copyrights this article © 04-20-2020, all rights reserved.
The American Institute of Culinary Politics-Elemental News of the Day
The Stinkbug symbol on CDs, DVDs, and Books means “approved by the American Institute of Culinary Politics-Elemental News of the Day” as well as adjusted or edited by the photographic editor
Original Beverly Carrick Artworks, Beverly Carrick—World Famous Artist, Steve Marriott, The Small Faces, Humble Pie, Craig Frost, Grand Funk Railroad, Vice President George Clinton, Adolf Hitler, Apollo 16, Prince, Associate Supreme Court Justice John Paul Stevens, Just the Facts, Pink Floyd, Senator Pat Roberts, Wooley v. Maynard,
[i] We look forward to presenting the music of Grand Funk Railroad sometime in the late 2020s.
[ii] We began promoting the music of an interconnected group of bands including the Small Faces, Faces, and Rod Stewart beginning on Tuesday, 22-April-2014 through Tuesday, 01-July-2014. This was a massive undertaking of rock bands and solo artists so we hope you will seek them out and consider adding the music to your album collection.
[iii] We promoted the music of this venerable British rock band as part of a series of interconnected bands beginning on Tuesday, 22-April-2014 through Tuesday, 01-July-2014. This included the Small Faces, Faces, Rod Stewart, Ronnie Wood, Jeff Beck, Steve Marriott, Humble Pie, and other interconnected parts. We hope you will seek them out and consider adding them to your collection.
[iv] We began promoting the music of Queen- as well as its individual members (Freddie Mercury, Brian May, Roger Taylor, and John Deacon)- on Monday, 14-January-2019 through Monday, 01-April-2019. We hope you will seek them out and consider adding them to your collection.
[v] At some point in the distant future, we hope to do the music of the famed rocker, Prince. Be sure to remain aware for the day that we do.
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