TODAY IN HISTORY
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TODAY IN HISTORY—APRIL 12, 2020:
President Franklin Delano Roosevelt; U.S. Secretary of State Henry Clay; Bill Haley and the Comets, the Flying Burrito Brothers featuring Gib Gilbeau, the Keef Hartley Band featuring Miller Anderson, Sonny & Cher featuring Sonny Bono, and Steppenwolf featuring John Kay:
- 1111: Pope Paschalis II crowns Henry V, Roman emperor.
- 1204: Due to crookedness on the part of the Byzantine emperor, knights of the Fourth Crusade occupy and then sack the capital city of Constantinople.
- 1545: French king Francois I orders his soldiers to kill the Protestants of the city of Vaudois.
- 1606: England adopts the Union Jack as its official flag.
- 1654: England, Ireland, and Scotland unite.
- 1713: Dutch State-General signs peace with France: Netherlands loses Orange Princedom.
- 1776: North Carolina’s Fourth Provincial Congress authorized the colony’s delegates to the Continental Congress to support independence from Britain.
- 1777: In Hanover County, Va., future 7thS. Secretary of State Henry Clay is born. He would serve under President John Quincy Adams from 03-04-1825 to 03-04-1829. He began political life first as a Whig, then as a National Republican, and finally as a Democratic Republican.
- 1782: The British navy won its only naval engagement against the colonists in the American Revolution at the Battle of Saints, off Dominica.
- 1787: Philadelphia’s Free African Society forms.
- 1833: Charles Gaylor patented the fireproof safe on this date.
- 1844: Texas becomes a territory of the United States.
- 1861: The American Civil War began as Confederate forces opened fire on Fort Sumter in South Carolina.
- 1862: Union volunteers stole a Confederate locomotive near Marietta, Georgia, and headed toward Chattanooga, Tennessee, on a mission to sabotage as much of the rail line as they could; however, the Confederate security forces captured and imprisoned the raiders.
- 1864: Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest captures Fort Pillow, Tennessee, which led to the so-called ‘Fort Pillow Massacre” as his men killed deceptive Union troops among them many black soldiers.
- 1877: James Tyng of Harvard first used the catcher’s mask in a baseball game in a game against the Lynn Live Oaks.
- 1892: Voters in Lockport, N.Y., became the first in the United States to use voting machines.
- 1900: The Congress of the United States of America passes the Foraker Act, which establishes Puerto Rico as an established territory of the country.
- 1908: At Chelsea, Massachusetts, a massive fire destroys homes that make 17,000 people homeless.
- 1911: The first nonstop London-to-Paris flight took place as Pierre Prier made it in 3 hours and 56 minutes.
- 1919: The British Parliament passes a 48-hour workweek with minimum wages.
- 1927: At Shanghai, China, Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek begins a counter-revolution against the communists. Elsewhere, the British Cabinet came out in favor of voting rights for women.
- 1928: An anarchist attempts the assassination of Italy’s King Victor Emanuel II.
- 1934: “Tender is the Night,” by F. Scott Fitzgerald, was first published in book form after being serialized in Scribner’s Magazine. Elsewhere, the second-highest wind speed ever recorded took place on Mt. Washington clocking in at 231 miles per hour.
- 1935: Germany prohibits the publication of non-Aryan writers.
- 1938: The first law requiring medical examinations prior to receiving marriage licenses took place in New York State.
- 1940: During the early days of World War II, Italy concludes its annexation of the Balkan nation of Albania. Elsewhere, the National Football League reduces the clipping penalty from 25 yards to 15 yards.
- 1941: Vichy-France’s head of government Admiral Dalan consults with German leader, Adolf Hitler.
- 1942: During the Bataan Death March, Japanese troops murder approximately 400 Filipino troops and officers.
- 1944: The U.S. Twentieth Air Force underwent activation, so it could begin the strategic bombing of Japan during World War II. Elsewhere, John Kay, future vocalist of the rock band, Steppenwolf[i], was born on this date.
- 1945: President Franklin Delano Roosevelt died of a cerebral hemorrhage in Warm Springs, Georgia, at age 63; Vice President Harry S. Truman succeeded him. Elsewhere, Miller Anderson—famed rock guitarist who played with the Keef Hartley Band[ii] among others—is born in England on this date.
- 1946: Syria gained its independence from France on this date.
- 1953: The Minneapolis Lakers beat the Syracuse Nationals in Game 7 of the NBA Finals by a score of 87-80 to win their fourth title in five years and to beat the Nationals twice.
- 1954: Bill Haley and the Comets[iii] record “Rock-around-the-Clock.” Elsewhere, the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission opened a hearing on whether Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer, scientific director of the Manhattan Project, should have his security clearance reinstated amid questions about his loyalty (it was not).
- 1955: The University of Michigan Polio Vaccine Evaluation Center declared the Salk vaccine–used in the fight against polio–safe and effective.
- 1961: Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Alexeyevich Gagarin became the first man to fly in space, aboard Russia’s Vostok 1 capsule, orbiting the Earth once before making a safe landing.
- 1963: Civil Rights leader the Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr., underwent arrest and jailing in Birmingham, Alabama, charged with contempt of court and parading without a permit. During his time behind bars, King wrote his “Letter from Birmingham Jail”; the cops released him on bond on April 20.
- 1966: The United States Air Force begins attacking North Vietnam with B-52 strikes.
- 1981: The space shuttle Columbia blasted off from Cape Canaveral on its first test flight. Elsewhere, former world heavyweight boxing champion Joe Louis died in Las Vegas, Nevada, at age 66.
- 1983: Harold Washington won election as the first black mayor of Chicago.
- 1987: Texaco filed Chapter 11 bankruptcy after it failed to settle a legal dispute with Pennzoil Company.
- 1988: Sonny Bono[iv] becomes the mayor of Palm Springs, California. Elsewhere, the Chinese government named a new array of younger leaders to ensure economic reform.
- 1989: Former boxing champion Sugar Ray Robinson died in Culver City, California, at age 67. Meanwhile, the authorities discovered radical activist Abbie Hoffman dead at his home in New Hope, Pennsylvania, at age 52.
- 1990: In its first meeting, East Germany’s first democratically elected parliament acknowledged responsibility for the Nazi Holocaust, and asked the forgiveness of Jews and others who had suffered at their hands.
- 1992: Disneyland Paris opened in Marne-La-Vallee, France, on this date. Whoo-hoo!
- 1999: U.S. President Bill Clinton receives a contempt of court citation for giving “intentionally false statements” in a sexual harassment civil lawsuit.
- 2004: A federal judge allowed a nationwide ban on dietary supplements containing ephedra to take effect, turning aside a plea from two manufacturers.
- 2006: Jurors in the Zacarias Moussaoui trial listened to a recording of shouts and cries in the cockpit as desperate passengers twice charged hijackers during the final half-hour of doomed United Flight 93 on September 11, 2001.
- 2010: In Hungary, parliamentary election results see 28 regional seats for the left-wing Hungarian Socialist Party, and 26 regional seats for the far-right Movement for a Better Hungary.
- 2011: As part of a crackdown on dissent in China, the authorities arrested 169 Chinese Christians attempting to hold an outdoor prayer session but released them soon afterward.
- 2012: Mali swears in Dioncounda Traore, an interim president, marking the country’s transition back to civilian rule following last month’s coup. Elsewhere, U.S. technology company Google, Inc. announces its 2012 first quarter earnings rose by more than 24%, and net profits increased to $8.14 billion.
- 2013: Russia threatens retaliation after the U.S. imposes sanctions on 18 Magnitsky list Russians accused of human rights violations. Meanwhile, Macy’s loses its dispute with JC Penney; JC Penney wins the right to sell unbranded housewares designed by Martha Stewart in its stores.
- 2014: Researchers announce a new orally administered drug that may cure Hepatitis C; medical researchers declared 90-percent of patients in trials free of the virus after 12 weeks.
- 2015: Former first lady, New York senator, and secretary of state- Hillary Clinton- announces she will seek the presidential nomination of the Democratic Party for the second time.
- 2016: Famed country rocker Gib Guilbeau who played violin, guitar, and sang with the on-again, off-again band, the Flying Burrito Brothers[v] (1974-1984 / 1986-1997), passed away on this date.
- 2020: Easter Sunday sees 1,847,643 cases of confirmed COVID-19 around the world with 113,911 confirmed deaths and 422,489 confirmed recoveries. In the United States, there are 557,783 confirmed cases with 21,965 confirmed deaths and 31,976 confirmed recoveries at the time of this update. Sadly, many locales around the U.S. have ordered churches to be closed to ‘prevent the spread of the Wuhan Virus Crisis’ the communists running the People’s Republic of China have given the world. Question is, when Ramadan- a holiday of the so-called ‘religion of peace,’ Islam- begins on April 23 and runs through May 23, will local and state governments order mosques to close, too? Millions of Americans suspect this will not be the case as the government only seeks to persecute Christians and Jews but NEVER Muslims.
BEVERLY CARRICK ORIGINAL ARTWORK OF THE DAY:
This artwork is #0067 a 24” x 36” original oil painting by Beverly Carrick, which, she entitled, “Thunderheads at Sunset.” It is among her more beautiful works and is available for sale. You can see much more of her work at her Website, found at beverlycarrick.com, or at the blog’s Facebook page. At her Website, you will see not only more original oil paintings but also lithographs, giclees, prints, miniatures, photographs, and even her award-winning instructional video entitled, “Painting the Southwest with Beverly Carrick.” Beverly has been painting for more than 60 years and known around the world for both the beauty and timelessness of her artworks. Hanging in private and public galleries and followed by many fans encircling the globe—her works instill awe because of her artistic brilliance and personal beauty. We urge you to go to her Website NOW and view her work. It is possible that you will find something you like and will want to buy it for yourself, a friend, a loved one, or a neighbor! You will not be disappointed so please: do yourself a favor and go there IMMEDIATELY! Thank you, the American Institute of Culinary Politics-Elemental News of the Day!
Beverly Carrick: The World’s Greatest Artist (1927-2012)
ALBUM OF THE DAY AT THE AICPENDBLOG.COM:
On August 06, 2012, Roxy Music released a great collection of the band’s studio albums from start to finish, celebrating 40 years of the band: “The Complete Studio Recordings 1972-1982.” All the band’s studio albums are here as well as singles from a variety of countries. If you have yet to take the American Institute of Culinary Politics-Elemental News of the Day to Amazon.com up on buying this band’s music, well, here is your chance to correct your mistake. Please, use the link we provide you here, so you can visit Amazon.com where you can pick this set up for $271.86 brand-new or for less if you buy it used. You will enjoy this album so please, go there now and check it out—you will be glad you did.
The above icon is the “Trademark of Quality and Symbol of Integrity/Logo” of the Magnolia Hilltop Brewers and of What’s Cookin’ Productions. The AICP-END Blog copyrights this article © 04-12-2020, all rights reserved.
The American Institute of Culinary Politics-Elemental News of the Day
The Stinkbug symbol on CDs, DVDs, and Books means “approved by the American Institute of Culinary Politics-Elemental News of the Day” as well as adjusted or edited by the photographic editor
Original Beverly Carrick Artworks, Beverly Carrick—World Famous Artist, Miller Anderson, The Keef Hartley Band, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Sonny Bono, John Kay, Steppenwolf, “Rock-around-the-Clock” by Bill Haley and the Comets, Gib Guilbeau, The Flying Burrito Brothers, Roxy Music, U.S. Secretary of State Henry Clay,
[i] We promoted the music of Steppenwolf, beginning on Friday, 25-May-2012 through Sunday, 17-June-2012. You definitely need to check the music of this iconic band out ASAP.
[ii] We promoted the music of the Keef Hartley Band as well as of one of its integral members Miller Anderson on Monday, 02-October-2017 through Saturday, 21-October-2017. We hope you will check their music out by visiting those posts.
[iii] Not sure when we will promote the music of Bill Haley and the Comets but when we do, you will be among the first to know.
[iv] At some point, we will do the music of the Mamas and the Papas the same time we do the music of Sonny & Cher. We hope you will continue awaiting that glorious day.
[v] We presented the music of the Flying Burrito Brothers beginning Sunday, 23-February-2014 and concluded our presentation on Thursday, 06-March-2014.
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