TODAY IN HISTORY
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TODAY IN HISTORY
TODAY IN HISTORY—FEBRUARY 19, 2020:
AC/DC featuring Bon Scott, Black Sabbath featuring Tony Iommi, “Rumours” by Fleetwood Mac, Loverboy featuring Paul Dean, the Spencer Davis Group featuring Eddie Harden, Spirit featuring Mark Andes, and Wishbone Ash featuring Andy Powell:
- 607: Boniface III begins his reign as Catholic Pope.
- 1473: Astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus was born in Torun, Poland.
- 1634: At the Battle of Smolensk, Polish King Wladyslaw IV beats the Russians causing them severe casualties.
- 1674: Holland and Great Britain sign the Peace of Westminster, which cedes New York City to the British.
- 1803: The U.S. Congress accepts the Constitution of the state of Ohio; however, it did not ratify the document until 1853.
- 1807: Former Vice President Aaron Burr, accused of treason, was arrested in the Mississippi Territory, in present-day Alabama; however, at his later trial, the jury exonerated him. Elsewhere, A British naval squadron under Admiral Duckworth forces passage through the Ottoman controlled Dardanelles.
- 1846: In Texas, the new state’s leaders formally install the government in the city of Austin.
- 1856: Professor Hamilton L. Smith patented the tintype camera on this date.
- 1861: Russian Czar Alexander II abolishes serfdom.
- 1864: The Order of the Knights of Pythias, an international, non-sectarian fraternal organization, underwent founding in Washington, D.C.
- 1878: Thomas Edison received a U.S. patent for “an improvement in phonograph or speaking machines.”
- 1881: Kansas becomes the first state to officially band alcoholic beverages.
- 1906: William Keith Kellogg founds his Battle Creek, Michigan, Toasted Corn Flake Company.
- 1913: With U.S. support, Mexican General V. Huerta takes control of the government of his nation.
- 1919: In Paris, W.E.B. Du Bois organizes the Pan-African Congress.
- 1934: A blizzard began inundating the northeastern United States, with the heaviest snowfall occurring in Connecticut and Massachusetts.
- 1941: In occupied Amsterdam, the Gestapo begins the roundup of local Jews, but the Jews fight back and drive the Nazis back.
- 1942: President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, which cleared the way for the U.S. military to relocate and intern Japanese-Americans. Japanese warplanes raided the Australian city of Darwin; at least 243 people died in the attack. Meanwhile, the New York Yankees announced that would admit 5,000 uniformed service members free to each of their home ballgames during the coming season.
- 1943: During World War II in Tunisia, German armor launches a major attack through Kasserine Pass against untested U.S. troops. In the U.S., Mark Andes, future bassist of the psychedelic rock band out of Los Angeles, California, Spirit[i] and its spin-off, Jo Jo Gunne, was born.
- 1944: On this night, 823 British RAF bombers attack the Nazi capital at Berlin.
- 1945: During World War II, some 30,000 U.S. Marines began landing on Iwo Jima, where they began a successful month-long battle to seize control of the island from Japanese forces.
- 1946: Paul Dean—future guitarist with the Canadian rock band, Loverboy[ii]—is born in Vancouver on this date.
- 1948: Tony Iommi—future lead guitarist with Black Sabbath[iii] (and for a brief time with Jethro Tull[iv])—was born in Great Britain on this date.
- 1949: Eddie Hardin, future vocalist and keyboardist who took Steve Winwood’s place in the Spencer Davis Group[v] and then formed Axis Point with Charlie Whitney of Family[vi], was born on this date in England.
- 1950: Andy Powell—future founding member and lifelong guitarist/vocalist with the British band, Wishbone Ash[vii]—is born in England on this date.
- 1952: French forces in Indochina launch a major assault on Viet Minh positions in and around Hanoi.
- 1953: The State of Georgia approved the first literature censorship board in the United States. The new legislation excluded newspapers, however, from the controls.
- 1959: Britain, Turkey, and Greece granting Cyprus its independence signed an agreement.
- 1963: The Soviet Union informed President Kennedy it would withdraw “several thousand” of its troops in Cuba. Meanwhile, “The Feminine Mystique” by Betty Friedan was first published by W.W. Norton & Co.
- 1965: The National Football League adds a sixth official to its refereeing squads.
- 1968: The children’s program “Mister Rogers’ Neighborhood,” created by and starring Fred Rogers, made its network debut on National Educational Television, a forerunner of PBS, beginning a 31-season run.
- 1977: Fleetwood Mac[viii] releases its smash album, “Rumours” on this date.
- 1980: Bon Scott—hardcore rock singer for the Australian band, AC/DC[ix]—dies from acute alcoholic poisoning on this date.
- 1981: Ford Motor Company announced its loss of $1.5 billion on this date.
- 1985: As part of the 30th anniversary of Disneyland, China—the communist nation—welcomed Mickey Mouse to tour the nation, which it did, playing 30 cities in 30 days. Elsewhere, William Schroeder became the first artificial-heart patient to leave the confines of a hospital. Finally, the Coca-Cola Company introduced Cherry Coke on this date.
- 1986: The U.S. Senate approved an international treaty outlawing genocide, 83-11; nearly 37 years after the delegates submitted the document for ratification. Meanwhile, Jordan’s King Hussein severs his ties with the PLO.
- 1987: Airing for the first time on television, a controversial anti-smoking public service announcement made its debut. The ad filmed Yul Brynner shortly before he died from lung cancer. The famous actor made it clear in the ad that he would die from cigarette smoking prior to the airing of the PSA.
- 1997: Deng Xiaoping, the last of China’s major communist revolutionaries, died at age 92.
- 2001: The museum at the Oklahoma City National Memorial Center underwent dedication.
- 2002: The NASA spacecraft Mars Odyssey commenced using it thermal emission imaging system to map the surface of the Red Planet.
- 2008: Fidel Castro resigned the Cuban presidency with his brother Raul becoming his successor.
- 2011: In the People’s Republic of China, the calls for a “Jasmine Revolution” spread across the Internet as the authorities hunt down the participants.
- 2012: In a retaliatory move, Iran halts all exports of oil to both France and the United Kingdom over the sanctions imposed on their country by the European Union.
- 2013: During a UN conference on disarmament, North Korea threatens to obliterate South Korea.
- 2014: Chinese automaker Dongfeng and the French government have each invested in PSA Peugeot Citroen, which ranked as the European car company with the lowest sales of new vehicles last year.
- 2015: According to Brainy History, Walmart announces that in April, it will raise wages of 500,000 Sam’s Club and Walmart workers to $9/hour, exceeding the current minimum wage by $1.75, with a further pay raise to $10/hour by next February. However, in February 2016, Walmart announced that it is closing 150 stores across the United States—why?
- 2016: Harper Lee- the author of “To Kill a Mockingbird,” died at age 89.
- 2017: American jazz guitarist Larry Coryell dies at age 73.
- 2018: During the Syrian civil war, Syrian government troops bombard the town of Gouta over three days killing at least 100 civilians. Meanwhile, in Maputo, Mozambique, at least 17 people die when a massive garbage mound collapses. Finally, Nigerian government spokespeople blame Boko Haram- a member of the so-called ‘religion of peace’- is credited with kidnapping 110 girls after an attack on a school in Yobe state. Kill all the Islamists.
- 2019: Sen. Bernie Sanders announces he is going to run for president of the United States a second time.
- 2020: Information appears that proves beyond the shadow of a doubt that multi-billionaire Michael “Mini-Mike” Bloomberg is indeed doing everything imaginable to buy the Democratic Party’s 2020 presidential nomination. As of today, he has spent more than $400 million on network and cable TV channels as well as on radio. What he has spent on Internet advertising is so far unknown. Tonight, six candidates face off in the Democratic 2020 Primary Debate on NBC: Bernie Sanders, Elizabeth Warren, Joe Biden, Pete Buttigieg, Amy Klobuchar, and former Mayor Bloomberg. Absent are billionaire Tom Steyer and of course, Tulsi Gabbard, whom the Democrats do NOT want. Meanwhile, in Chicago, former Illinois Governor Rod Blagojevich gives a news conference on the porch of his home. His sentence commuted to time served the day before by President Donald J. Trump, he proclaims himself a “Trump-o-Crat” and pledges to work to help others who have been unjustly punished by the Comey-led FBI. Good for you, Mr. Governor, good for you. Finally, President Donald Trump visits the city of Bakersfield, home of the American Institute of Culinary Politics-Elemental News of the Day.
BEVERLY CARRICK ORIGINAL OIL PAINTING OF THE DAY:
This artwork is #0014 a 24” x 20” original oil painting by Beverly Carrick, which, she entitled, “Mr. Leghorn and the Widow.” It is among her more beautiful works and is available for sale. You can see much more of her work at her Website, found at beverlycarrick.com, or at the blog’s Facebook page. At her Website, you will see not only more original oil paintings but also lithographs, giclees, prints, miniatures, photographs, and even her award-winning instructional video entitled, “Painting the Southwest with Beverly Carrick.” Beverly has been painting for more than 60 years and known around the world for both the beauty and timelessness of her artworks. Hanging in private and public galleries and followed by many fans encircling the globe—her works instill awe because of her artistic brilliance and personal beauty. We urge you to go to her Website NOW and view her work. It is possible that you will find something you like and will want to buy it for yourself, a friend, a loved one, or a neighbor! You will not be disappointed so please: do yourself a favor and go there IMMEDIATELY! Thank you, the American Institute of Culinary Politics-Elemental News of the Day!
Beverly Carrick: The World’s Greatest Artist (1927-2012)
ALBUM OF THE DAY AT THE AICPENDBLOG.COM:
We have mentioned that sometimes, Bryan Ferry hits the nail on the head and other times, he leaves his listeners stumbling around in the dark searching for a theme. Well, “The Bride Stripped Bare” (1978), is an album that has some dark movements but then, every album Ferry records is a stunning individualistic effort that fans enjoy. Ferry defined Roxy Music, Roxy Music defined Ferry, and one can see and hear common threads roaming through the works of each. We hope you will look for this fabulous album out wherever you shop for the finest in rock music. We know you will enjoy it.
The above icon is the “Trademark of Quality and Symbol of Integrity/Logo” of the Magnolia Hilltop Brewers and of What’s Cookin’ Productions. The AICP-END Blog copyrights this article © 02-19-2020, all rights reserved.
The American Institute of Culinary Politics-Elemental News of the Day
The Stinkbug symbol on CDs, DVDs, and Books means “approved by the American Institute of Culinary Politics-Elemental News of the Day” as well as adjusted or edited by the photographic editor.
Original Beverly Carrick Artworks, Beverly Carrick—World Famous Artist, Mark Andes, Spirit, Tony Iommi, Black Sabbath, Eddie Hardin, Steve Winwood, the Spencer Davis Group, Axis Point, Charlie Whitney, Family, “Rumours” by Fleetwood Mac, Bon Scott, AC/DC, Loverboy, Paul Dean, Bryan Ferry, Jo Jo Gunne, Boko Haram, Bryan Ferry, Jasmine Revolution,
[i] We promoted the music of the great California rock band, Spirit- and the music of its members- beginning on Monday, 18-June-2012 through Friday, 10-August-2012. We hope you will seek this band out and add it to your growing collection of top-quality rock music. This included the music of Jo Jo Gunne.
[ii] Not sure when we present this Canadian rock band, Loverboy, but we sure as heck hope we do sometime within the next decade because- say what you will about them- they are as exciting today as they were back in the 1980s. Please remain vigilant for the day that we do.
[iii] Not exactly sure when we will begin promoting the music of Black Sabbath but when we do we will definitely follow them with AC/DC, the wild and wooly and definitely demonic Australian rock band.
[iv] We expect to do the music of Jethro Tull, Wild Turkey, Ian Anderson, and Paris sometime in the next 5-6 years. We hope you will still be with us.
[v] We began promoting the music of not only Traffic but also the Spencer Davis Group, Steve Winwood, Chris Wood, Jim Capaldi, and Dave Mason. The presentation commenced on Monday, 30-November-2015 through Sunday, 20-March-2016. This offering also included Blind Faith. We hope you will seek them out and add them to your collection.
[vi] The music of this famed British band, Family as well as the spin-off group, Streetwalkers, appeared on Tuesday, 08-October-2013 through Thursday, 31-October-2013. Sadly, at the time, we failed to promote the music of both Axis Point as well as Roger Chapman’s solo catalog so we hope to correct those mistakes sometime within the next five years.
[vii] We began celebrating the music of Wishbone Ash beginning on Sunday, October 28, 2018 and continued it through Sunday, January 06, 2019. From there, we covered the music of Martin Turner’s Wishbone Ash beginning on January 07, 2019 through Sunday, January 13, 2019. We hope you will seek them out and add them to your collection of the BEST rock-and-roll music. You will be glad you did.
[viii] We first began offering the music of Fleetwood Mac on Monday, 03-January-2011 through Thursday, 27-January-2011. On Tuesday, 18-January-2011, we promoted the album, “Rumours.” Please seek their music out by checking posts on those corresponding dates. We thank you.
[ix] We look forward to sharing the music of AC/DC sometime within the next five years. Remain vigilant for the day when we do.