TODAY IN HISTORY
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TODAY IN HISTORY
TODAY IN HISTORY—FEBRUARY 03, 2020:
President Woodrow Wilson; U.S. Supreme Court Associate Justice James Clark McReynolds; Buddy Holly-Richie Valens-J. P. “The Big Bopper” Richardson, the Hollies featuring Eric Haydock, “Purple Haze” by the Jimi Hendrix Experience, and the Kinks featuring Dave Davies:
- 1488: Portuguese navigator Bartholomew Diaz landed at Mossal Bay in the Cape, the first European known to have landed on the southern extremity of Africa.
- 1690: The Massachusetts Colony issued the first paper money in America on this date; the government used the script to pay soldiers involved in prosecuting the war against Quebec.
- 1743: The city of Philadelphia establishes a ‘pest house’ in which, to quarantine newly arrived immigrants.
- 1783: Spain formally recognized American
- 1809: The federal government created the Illinois Territory on this date.
- 1811: American newspaper editor Horace Greeley was born in Amherst, N.H.
- 1815: The first professional cheese factory is established in Switzerland.
- 1836: The Whig Party holds its first national convention in Albany, New York.
- 1855: The state Supreme Court of Wisconsin declares the S. Fugitive Slave Law to be unconstitutional.
- 1862: In Elkton, Kentucky, future 66thS. Supreme Court Associate Justice James Clark McReynolds is born. President Woodrow Wilson would nominate his fellow Democrat to fill the seat of another Democrat, Associate Justice Horace Lurton. McReynolds would serve from 08-29-1914 to 01-31-1941. Meanwhile, Thomas Edison printed the Weekly Herald and issued it to train passengers traveling between Port Huron and Detroit, Michigan. It was the first time in which a publisher printed a newspaper on a train.
- 1865: President Abraham Lincoln and Confederate Vice President Alexander H. Stephens held a shipboard peace conference off the Virginia coast; the talks deadlocked over the issue of Southern
- 1870: The 15th Amendment becomes law giving blacks the right to vote.
- 1876: With $800, Albert Spalding starts a business that manufactures baseballs, footballs, golf balls, basketballs, and tennis balls.
- 1882: Circus owner PT Barnum buys his world-famous elephant, “Jumbo.”
- 1887: To avoid disputed national elections, the U.S. Congress establishes the Electoral Count Act.
- 1900: In Frankfort, Kentucky, gubernatorial candidate William Goebels died from an assassin’s bullet wounds. On August 18, 1900, Ex-Secretary of State Caleb Powers was found guilty of conspiracy to murder Goebels.
- 1913: The 16th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution providing for a federal income tax underwent ratification.
- 1916: In Ottawa, the original parliament buildings burn down in a massive conflagration.
- 1917: The U.S. broke off diplomatic relations with Germany, which had announced a policy of unrestricted submarine warfare.
- 1924: Woodrow Wilson, the 28th president of the United States, died in Washington D.C. at age 67.
- 1927: Upon signing a bill, President Calvin Coolidge established the Federal Radio Commission.
- 1930: William Howard Taft, the chief justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) resigned for health reasons (and died little over a month later). Meanwhile, the Vietnamese communist party forms.
- 1941: In Vichy, France, the Nazis used force to restore Pierre Laval to office.
- 1943: During World War II, the U.S. transport ship Dorchester, which was carrying troops to Greenland, sank after a German torpedo hit the vessel; of the more than 900 men aboard, only some 230 survived. Elsewhere, Eric Haydock—future bassist with the British rock band, the Hollies[i] (1962-66)—is born in England on this date.
- 1944: During World War II, 1000 S. Flying Fortresses hit Berlin in one of the biggest air raids to date in the war.
- 1945: Russia agreed to enter World War II against Japan on this date.
- 1947: Dave Davies, future guitarist and vocalist with the British rock group, the Kinks[ii] was born in England on this date. Elsewhere, Percival Prattis became the first black news correspondent admitted to the House and Senate press gallery in Washington. The groundbreaking reporter worked for “Our World” in New York City.
- 1951: Dick Button won the U.S. figure skating title for the sixth time on this date.
- 1953: The Batepa Massacre took place in Sao Tome as Portuguese troops killed some 1,000 striking plantation workers.
- 1959: Rock-and-roll stars Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, and P. “The Big Bopper” Richardson[iii] died in a small plane crash near Clear Lake, Iowa. An American Airlines Lockheed Electra crashed into New York’s East River, killing 65 of the 73 people on board it.
- 1966: On today’s date, the Soviet space probe, Luna 9, becomes the first manmade object to make a soft landing on the moon.
- 1967: The Jimi Hendrix Experience[iv] records the song, “Purple Haze.”
- 1969: Yasser Arafat becomes the head of the Palestine Liberation Organization
- 1971: New York City police officer Frank Serpico, who had charged there was widespread corruption in the NYPD, was shot and seriously wounded during a drug-bust in Brooklyn.
- 1972: The XI Olympic Winter Games opened in Sapporo, Japan.
- 1980: In the sixth round of their heavyweight championship-boxing match, Larry Holmes scores a TKO over Lorenzo Holmes.
- 1984: On this date, the 10th space shuttle mission—Challenger 4—launched.
- 1988: The U.S. House of Representatives handed President Ronald Reagan a major defeat, rejecting his request for $36.2 million in new aid to the Nicaraguan Contras by a vote of 219-211.
- 1989: In Paraguay, a military coup overthrows longtime dictator Alfredo Stroessner.
- 1991: The rate for a first-class postage stamp rose to 29 cents.
- 1994: The space shuttle Discovery lifted off, carrying Sergei Krikalev, the first Russian cosmonaut to fly aboard a U.S. spacecraft.
- 1995: Discovery blasted off with a woman, Air Force Lt. Col. Eileen Collins, in the pilot’s seat for the first time in NASA history.
- 1998: Texas executed Karla Faye Tucker, 38, for the pickax killings of two people in 1983; she was the first woman executed in the United States since 1984. A U.S. Marine fighter jet sliced through the cable of a ski gondola in Italy, sending the car plunging hundreds of feet, killing all 20 people inside.
- 2002: In Super Bowl XXXVI, played at the Louisiana Superdome in New Orleans, the New England Patriots beat the St. Louis Rams, 20-17.
- 2009: Eric Holder took the oath of office as attorney general. Vice President Joe Biden administered the oath. He was the first African American to hold the post. The White House announced that Tom Daschle had asked to be removed from consideration as health and human services secretary after acknowledging he’d failed to pay all his taxes. Why he removed himself is unclear as numerous others in the Obama administration such as Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner also did not pay his taxes and it is unclear if he ever did.
- 2010: Somali pirates seize a North Korean-flagged cargo ship south of Yemen.
- 2011: The N. Food and Agriculture Organization reports that world food prices have reached a record high.
- 2013: The Baltimore Ravens beat the San Francisco 49ers to win their second super bowl title after someone blew out the New Orleans Superdome’s power for 45 minutes. Prior to the power outage, the Ravens had the 49ers down 28-6 but once it came back on, the 49ers were reinvigorated and almost beat the Ravens; however, the Ravens managed to come back to life themselves and ended up beating the 49ers by a score of 34-31 to win Super Bowl XLVII. Baltimore quarterback, Joe Flacco, is the MVP for the game. This marked the first time the 49ers had ever LOST a super bowl (and thank God, they did!).
- 2014: The Denver Broncos’ quarterback Peyton Manning wins a record fifth Associated Press MVP Award; no one has ever won the award more than three times. Meanwhile, according to Brainy History, the abortion rate in the United States is reportedly at its lowest in three decades. The rate for 2011 stands at 16.9 abortions per 1,000 women of childbearing years whereas in 2008, it was 19.4 while back in 1981, it was at an all-time high of 29.3.
- 2015: After a lapse of 55 years, novelist Harper Lee releases “Go Set a Watchman,” the sequel to her famous novel, “To Kill a Mockingbird,” which set the character Scout as an adult rather than the child the character was in the first book, “Mockingbird.” The publisher convinced the author to go the “Mockingbird” book first.
- 2018: The New York Times reported an accusation from actress Uma Thurman that disgraced movie mogul and BIG Democratic donor Harvey Weinstein had forced himself on her sexually years ago in a London hotel room; Weinstein acknowledged making an “awkward pass” (which means he did his best to RAPE her) but strongly denied any physical assault.
- 2019: In the lowest scoring super bowl of all time, Super Bowl LIII, the New England Patriots defense stifled the high-scoring Los Angeles Rams by a final score of 13-3. This was perhaps the most boring super bowl of all time. Julian Edelman was the game’s MVP as he provided most of the offense that won the game. Maroon 5, Big Boi and some other schlub were the half-time show.
- 2020: Much to the shock of his radio listeners, Rush Limbaugh announced that his doctors had diagnosed him with advanced lung cancer. He promises to soldier on and we certainly hope that he can. We are rooting for you, Big Guy, but please, give up the stogies.
[i] We shared the music of the Hollies with the world beginning on Monday, 29-August-2016 through Thursday, 03-November-2016.
[ii] We presented the music of the Kinks, as well as of Ray and Dave Davies, beginning on Monday, 22-December-2014 through Sunday, 15-March-2015. We hope you will check out the music of this original British invasion band as they are as relevant today as they were more than 50 years ago. Sure beats the hell out of Maroon Five.
[iii] We hope to promote the music of these foundational rockers at some point in the not so distant future.
[iv] We promoted the music of the Jimi Hendrix Experience and of Jimi Hendrix, beginning on Sunday, 22-December-2013 through Thursday, 16-January-2014. Look for them and add them to your collection.