TODAY IN HISTORY
THE AICP-END BLOG
PO Box 20669
Bakersfield, CA 93390-0669
Business Phone: 661-374-1430
TODAY IN HISTORY
TODAY IN HISTORY—FEBRUARY 01, 2020:
NATIONAL FREEDOM DAY
The Doors featuring Jim Morrison, the Mothers of Invention featuring Jimmy Carl Black, the Ohio Players featuring Cornelius Johnson, and Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers featuring Mike Campbell:
- 1587: English Queen Elizabeth I signs Mary Stuart’s death sentence, which sends her to the headsman for dispatch.
- 1662: The Dutch garrison on the island of Formosa surrenders to Chinese
- 1720: Sweden and Prussia sign a peace treaty.
- 1742: Sardinia and Austria sign a peace treaty.
- 1788: Isaac Briggs and William Longstreet patented the steamboat on this date.
- 1789: The French military drives the Chinese out of the Vietnamese city of Thang Long.
- 1790: The U.S. Supreme Court convened for the first time in New York; however, since only three of the six justices were present, the court recessed until the next day.
- 1793: Ralph Hodgson patented oiled silk on this date.
- 1810: The census of the United States is at this point in the nation’s history: 7,239,881 (white) and black, 1,377,808. Meanwhile, the first insurance company managed by blacks in the nation is the American Insurance Company of Philadelphia.
- 1842: In New York City, the “City Dispatch Post” commenced operations. The business began operations as a private company and was the first to introduce adhesive postage stamps in the western hemisphere. However, a few months later, the U.S. government bought the company and renamed it “United States City Dispatch Post.”
- 1860: Morris Raphall is the first rabbi to open the session of the House of Representatives does so on this date.
- 1861: Texas becomes the seventh state to secede from the Union.
- 1862: “The Battle Hymn of the Republic,” a poem written by Julia Ward Howe, was first published in the Atlantic Monthly.
- 1865: During the Civil War, Union forces led by Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman began the Carolina Campaign as they invaded South Carolina. Meanwhile, John S. Rock, the first black lawyer to practice before the U.S. Supreme Court, wins admittance to the bar of that body.
- 1871: Georgia’s Jefferson Long is the first black to make an official speech in the U.S. House of Representatives; the topic is opposition to leniency towards former Confederates.
- 1884: The first edition of the Oxford English Dictionary hit publication on today’s date.
- 1893: Thomas A. Edison completed work on the world’s first motion picture studio in West Orange, New Jersey.
- 1896: Giacomo Puccini’s opera “La Boehme” premiered in Turin.
- 1898: The Travelers Insurance Company issued the first automobile insurance policy to Dr. Truman Martin of Buffalo, N.Y. Martin paid $11.25 for the policy, which provided him with $5,000 in liability coverage.
- 1900: Eastman Kodak Co. introduced the $1 Brownie box camera.
- 1913: Grand Central Terminal aka ‘Grand Central Station,’ opened in New York City. In so doing, it became the largest train station in the entire world.
- 1917: During World War I, Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz of Germany announces a policy of unrestricted submarine warfare.
- 1919: Pageant organizers in New York City crowned the first Miss America winner.
- 1922: In one of Hollywood’s most enduring mysteries, unknown assailant(s) shot movie director William Desmond Taylor to death in his home; law enforcement has never solved the crime.
- 1924: Great Britain formally recognizes the Soviet Union.
- 1930: The Times published its first crossword puzzle on this date.
- 1938: Future rock drummer Jimmy Carl Black—who would play with the Mothers of Invention[i] among other groups—is born in El Paso, Texas, on this date.
- 1940: During the Winter War, the Soviets launch a new offensive against Finland.
- 1942: The Voice of America broadcast its first program to Europe, relaying it through the facilities of the British Broadcasting Corporation in London, Great Britain.
- 1943: The federal government authorized one of America’s most highly decorated military units, the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, made up almost exclusively of Japanese Americans, on this date. Meanwhile in Norway, the German occupiers make Vidkun Quisling the premier.
- 1946: Norwegian political leader Trygve Lie won election to be the first secretary-general of the United Nations.
- 1950: Future lead guitarist, Mike Campbell, who would play with Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers[ii] 1975-present, is born on this date.
- 1951: The United Nations condemns the People’s Republic of China as the aggressor in Korea.
- 1952: Tunisia revolts against the French colonial management.
- 1957: Pilot PH Young is the first black to pilot a U.S. commercial airliner.
- 1958: Egypt and Syria announce plans to merge into the United Arab Republic.
- 1959: Men in Switzerland rejected giving women the right to vote by a more than 2-1 referendum margin; however, in 1971, Swiss women gained the right to vote.
- 1960: Four black college students began a sit-in protest at a Woolworth’s lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina where white foodservice workers refused them service.
- 1965: Martin Luther King and 700 fellow demonstrators suffer arrest in Selma, Alabama.
- 1968: During the Tet Offensive in Vietnam, the photo seen around the world: Saigon police chief Nguyen Ngoc Loan executes a captured Viet Cong officer with a bullet shot to the head. Meanwhile, Richard M. Nixon announced his bid for the Republican presidential nomination.
- 1969: During a concert stop in Florida, the cops arrest Jim Morrison of the Doors[iii] for indecent exposure.
- 1978: Director Roman Polanski skips bail and flees to France after pleading guilty to charges of having sex with a 13-year-old girl.
- 1979: Patricia Hearst walks from a prison in San Francisco, California. A jury convicted her of aiding the Symbionese Liberation Army in the robbing of some banks a few years back. Elsewhere, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini received a tumultuous welcome in Tehran as he ended nearly 15 years of exile.
- 1987: Terry Williams won the largest slot machine payoff at the time, $4.9 million after getting four lucky 7s on a machine in Reno, Nevada.
- 1988: Actress Heather O’Rourke who costarred in the 1982 movie, “Poltergeist” died in San Diego, California, at age 12.
- 1995: British rock performer Richey Edwards, 27, disappeared after witnesses last seeing him in London; no one has ever determined his fate.
- 2003: The space shuttle Columbia broke up during re-entry, killing all seven of its crewmembers: commander Rick Husband; pilot William McCool; payload commander Michael Anderson; mission specialists Kalpana Chawla, David Brown, and Laurel Clark; and payload specialist Ilan Ramon, the first Israeli in space.
- 2004: At least 250 Muslim pilgrims die when crushed to death during the annual stoning of Satan ritual in Mena Valley, Saudi Arabia. In the U.S. at Super Bowl XXXVIII, the New England Patriots beat the Carolina Panthers 32-29.
- 2009: Cornelius Johnson—longtime drummer with the funk-rock-soul band, the Ohio Players[iv]—died on this date.
- 2010: President Barack Obama proposes a $3.8-trillion budget for fiscal year 2011, which projects a record-high budget deficit of $1.6 trillion in 2010. Elsewhere, movie producer David Brown (“Jaws,” “Cocoon,” and “A Few Good Men”), 93, died in New York.
- 2011: In Tahir Square in Cairo, the largest protest yet takes place against the regime of Hosni Mubarak; two million people vow to remain there until he steps down and leaves the country.
- 2012: In Washington State, the legislature passes a bill allowing same-sex marriage.
- 2013: US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton steps down from her post and Senator John F. Kerry succeeds her.
- 2014: The U.S. State Department completes its long-delayed review of the Keystone XL Pipeline and notes that it would not significantly increase greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Yet Barack Obama will not approve it.
- 2015: In Super Bowl XLIX, the New England Patriots beat the defending Super Bowl champion Seattle Seahawks 28-24 in a game that seesawed back-and-forth. New England quarterback, Tom Brady, set a new Super Bowl record by passing for his 12-touchdown pass in a Super Bowl surpassing Joe Montana’s record of 11. He also has played in six Super Bowls, a new record, winning four and losing two. In winning #6, he is in a class with only Terry Bradshaw and Joe Montana, both of whom won four Super Bowls each. Finally, he was the MVP of Super Bowl XLIX—God bless him and congratulations to the team!
[i] We began presenting the music of the Mothers of Invention and of Frank Zappa beginning on Monday, 21-January-2013 and concluded the presentation on Monday, 13-May-2013. Please seek them out, we believe you will enjoy the music of this famed man and his band.
[ii] At some point when we return to presenting the music of American bands, we will promote that of Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers as well as of Tom Petty himself. We hope you will await word as to when we do. We thank you.
[iii] We began offering the music of the Doors on Saturday, 18-February-2012 and concluded them on Monday, 02-April-2012. We encourage everyone to seek them out and consider adding them to your collection.
[iv] We look forward to doing the music of this famed funk-rock band. The Ohio Players are amazing and what is even more exciting is the fact that the band is still alive today and performing to this day.