TODAY IN HISTORY
THE AICP-END BLOG
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TODAY IN HISTORY
TODAY IN HISTORY—JANUARY 31, 2020:
The Buffalo Springfield featuring Dewey Martin, Chicago featuring Terry Kath, the Doors featuring Jerry Scheff, Family featuring John Wetton, the Grateful Dead, Jo Jo Gunne featuring William “Curly” Smith, “Love Rollercoaster” by the Ohio Players, and Roxy Music featuring Phil Manzanera:
- 314: Silvestre I begins his reign as Catholic Pope.
- 1606: Guy Fawkes, convicted of treason for his part in the “Gunpowder Plot” against the English Parliament and King James I, underwent execution.
- 1627: The Spanish government goes bankrupt.
- 1747: The first clinic specializing in the treatment of venereal diseases opened at London Dock Hospital.
- 1797: Composer Franz Schubert was born in Vienna, Austria.
- 1842: President John Tyler’s daughter, Elizabeth, marries in the White House.
- 1861: The state of Louisiana takes over the U.S. Mint at New Orleans.
- 1863: The S. Army musters the first regiment of black volunteers, the South Carolina Volunteers. Composed of former slaves, it underwent muster into federal service at Beaufort, S.C.
- 1865: The U.S. House of Representatives joined the Senate in passing the 13th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States abolishing slavery, sending it to the states for ratification; the Amendment passed ratification in December 1865. General Robert E. Lee became general-in-chief of all the Confederate Armies.
- 1876: The federal government ordered all Native Americans to move onto reservations.
- 1893: The makers of Coca-Cola registered the name at the U.S. Patent Office.
- 1915: The German Army uses poison gas for the first time against the Russians on the Eastern Front.
- 1917: During World War I, Germany served notice that it was beginning a policy of unrestricted submarine warfare.
- 1929: Revolutionary Leon Trotsky and his family suffered banishment from the Soviet Union on this date.
- 1930: U.S. Navy Lt. Ralph S. Barnaby became the first glider pilot in aviation history to have a dirigible—a large blimp—releases his craft while in flight at Lakehurst, N.J.
- 1933: Adolf Hitler announces he will pursue parliamentary democracy[i].
- 1934: President Franklin Delano Roosevelt signed the Gold Reserve Act on this date, which devalued the dollar in relation to gold at $35 per ounce.
- 1936: The Green Hornet radio show debuts on Radio WXYZ in Detroit, Michigan.
- 1940: The U.S. government issued the first Social Security check on this date.
- 1941: Joe Louis knocks out Red Burman in the fifth round for the heavyweight championship. Meanwhile, over the course of this month, the Allies sink 21 German U-Boats for a total of 127,000 tons. Meanwhile, in Denver, Colorado, future rock bassist Jerry Scheff, who would play with the Los Angeles, California, rock band, the Doors[ii], on “A. Woman” is born.
- 1943: Field Marshal Friedrich von Paulus surrenders the German Sixth Army to the Soviets, ending the Battle for Stalingrad; Von Paulus was the first German officer of his rank captured by the Russians during World War II. Meanwhile, over the course of this month, the Allies sink 62 German U-Boats for a total of 327,000 tons.
- 1943: Over the course of the month of January, the Allies sink 39 German U-Boats for a total tonnage loss of 203,100.
- 1944: During World War II, American forces began a successful invasion of Kwajalein Atoll and other parts of the Japanese-held Marshall Islands. Meanwhile, Operation Overlord, D-Day, undergoes postponement until June.
- 1945: Private Eddie Slovak became the first U.S. soldier since the Civil War executed for desertion as an American firing squad executed him in France.
- 1946: Terry Kath, guitarist and vocalist with the American rock band, Chicago[iii], was born on this date.
- 1949: The NBC station in Chicago broadcast the first TV daytime soap opera, entitled, “These Are My Children.”
- 1950: President Harry S. Truman announced he had ordered development of the hydrogen bomb. Elsewhere, in Britain, future guitarist with Roxy Music[iv]—Phil Manzanera—is born.
- 1952: Future rock-and-roll drummer who played with Jo Jo Gunne[v]—William “Curly” Smith—is born on this date.
- 1957: Actress Elizabeth Taylor divorces her second husband, Michael Wilding.
- 1958: The United States entered the Space Age with its first successful launch of a satellite into orbit, Explorer I.
- 1961: NASA launched Ham the Chimp aboard a Mercury-Redstone Rocket from Cape Canaveral; the Navy safely recovered Ham from the Atlantic Ocean following his 161/2-minute suborbital flight.
- 1970: The members of the Grateful Dead[vi] undergo arrest on LSD
- 1971: Astronauts Alan Shepard, Edgar Mitchell, and Stuart Roosa blasted off on Apollo 14 bound for the moon. Meanwhile, after an absence of 19 years, telephone service between East and West Berlin reestablished.
- 1976: “Love Roller Coaster” by the Ohio Players[vii] hits #1 on the charts.
- 1978: Israel transforms three military posts in the West Bank into civilian settlements.
- 1980: Police storm the occupied Spanish embassy in Guatemala City, Guatemala, which leads to the deaths of 41 people. Elsewhere, Queen Juliana of the Netherlands announced that she would abdicate on her birthday the following April, to be succeeded by her daughter, Princess Beatrix.
- 1982: In the 32nd NBA All-Star Game, the East beats the West 120-118 in New Jersey.
- 1985: The final Jeep rolled off the assembly line at the AMC plant in Toledo, Ohio.
- 1988: The Washington Redskins beat the Denver Broncos in Super Bowl XXII, 42-10, at Jack Murphy Stadium in San Diego, California.
- 1990: McDonald’s Corporation opened its first fast-food restaurant in Moscow.
- 1993: The Dallas Cowboys beat the Buffalo Bills in Super Bowl XXVII, 52-17, at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, California.
- 1994: The Dow Jones Industrial Average hits a record 3,976.36.
- 1995: President Bill Clinton invoked presidential emergency authority to provide a $20 billion loan to Mexico to stabilize that nation’s economy. We should have said ‘NO.’
- 1999: The Denver Broncos beat the Atlanta Falcons in Super Bowl XXXIII, 34-19, at Pro Player Stadium in Miami, Florida.
- 2000: An Alaska Airlines MD-83 jet crashed into the Pacific Ocean off Port Hueneme, killing all 88 people aboard it.
- 2001: A Scottish court in the Netherlands convicted one Libyan and acquitted a second in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland, that occurred in 1988.
- 2005: Jury selection began in Santa Maria for Michael Jackson’s[viii] child molestation trial, one in which the jury would later acquit him. Meanwhile, SBC Communications Inc. announced it was acquiring AT&T Corp. for $16 billion.
- 2006: Samuel Alito takes the oath of office as an associate justice on the U.S. Supreme Court as Sandra Day O’Connor ends her stint on the high court, one that ran from September 25, 1981 until today.
- 2009: Dewey Martin, Canadian drummer with the Buffalo Springfield[ix] 1966-1968—died from natural causes on this date.
- 2010: Roger Federer beat Andy Murray 6-3, 6-4, 7-6 (11) for a fourth Australian Open Meanwhile, Beyoncé became the first woman to win six Grammy awards in ONE night.
- 2011: The Egyptian people vow to continue protesting the government until the Hosni Mubarak regime crumbles.
- 2012: Following deadly protests in Tibet, China tightens control of the nation’s monasteries.
- 2013: NASA reveals the Regolith Advanced Surface Systems Operations Robot (RASSOR), a lunar mining robot that astronauts could one day use to produce fuel and water directly on the Moon.
- 2014: Strong quarterly earnings cause Facebook stock to rise 16 percent; the company boasts 755 million active users, and its ad revenue increased by 76 percent year over year to $2.34 billion.
- 2015: New Zealand professional golfer Lydia Ko, age 17, becomes the youngest No. 1 ranked golfer in the world, beating the record set by Tiger Woods in 1997 at age 21.
- 2017: Renowned rock bassist/vocalist John Wetton who played with numerous great bands such as Family[x], King Crimson[xi], and Asia[xii], lost his battle with colon cancer on this date.
- 2020: Today is the day- or so millions of Americans hope- that the impeachment farce of President Donald J. Trump will move to a vote for acquittal or if the Democrats are lucky to get what they seek- witnesses will occur. Let us hope for the former and not the latter. By mid-day, the Senate voted 51-49 against calling witnesses, deflating the sputtering Democratic Party balloon. Two Republicans- Susan Collins of Maine and Mitt Romney of Utah voted with the Democrats. Meanwhile, the first Democrat to enter the race for the 2020 Democratic Party’s presidential nomination- former Maryland Congressman John Delaney and seemingly decent guy became the 16th Democrat to bail from the race. He entered the race- get this- on July 28, 2017. Oh, well.
[i] Just like what the Democrats are attempting to do in 2020 as they try to remove President Donald J. Trump from office and to subordinate the office of the presidency- head of the Executive Branch- to the House speaker in the Legislative Branch. How well did things work out for Europe in the 1930s-1940s? Not so good.
[ii] We began offering the music of the Doors on Saturday, 18-February-2012 and concluded them on Monday, 02-April-2012. We encourage everyone to seek them out and consider adding them to your collection.
[iii] We will present the music of Chicago sometime in 2030 so we hope you will remain with us until then.
[iv] We presented the music of Roxy Music at the secondary blog and hope to do it at the main blog sometime within the next 3 years. At the secondary blog, we began promoting the music of this famed British band as well as of Bryan Ferry, Andy Mackay, and Phil Manzanera beginning on Wednesday, September 07, 2016 through several successive months. We hope you will seek them out.
[v] We promoted the music of the great California rock band, Spirit- and the music of its members- beginning on Monday, 18-June-2012 through Friday, 10-August-2012. We hope you will seek this band out and add it to your growing collection of top-quality rock music. This included the music of Jo Jo Gunne.
[vi] We began promoting the music of the Grateful Dead- including Jerry Garcia, Bob Weir, Mickey Hart, and Phil Lesh- beginning on Tuesday, 30-August-2011 through Wednesday, 11-January-2012. Then, we did a second series featuring more albums by this fabled San Francisco band beginning on Friday, 09-August-2013 through Monday, 19-August-2013. At some point, we will have to do a third series as the music from this band never ends. Please, seek them out and consider adding them to your collection.
[vii] We look forward to doing the music of this famed funk-rock band. The Ohio Players are amazing and what is even more exciting is the fact that the band is still alive today and performing to this day.
[viii] We expect to present the music of the Jackson Five and Michael Jackson sometime in 2025-2026 so please stay tuned for future developments.
[ix] We promoted the music of Buffalo Springfield beginning on Saturday, 17-November-2012 through Saturday, 24-November-2012. We hope you will seek this music out and consider adding it to your collection. You will be glad you did.
[x] The music of this famed British band, Family as well as the spin-off group, Streetwalkers, appeared on Tuesday, 08-October-2013 through Thursday, 31-October-2013.
[xi] We presented the music of this British prog-rock band, the amazing King Crimson, beginning on Monday, 20-October-2014 through Sunday, 21-December-2014. We hope you will check them out and add them to your collection.
[xii] We should have promoted the music of Asia around the time we did King Crimson and/or Family but we failed to do so. However, we hope to do so sometime within the next 10-15 years.